Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Echo: Welcome to CantoneseClass101.com. I am Echo.
Oscar: Hello 我係 (ngo5 hai6) Oscar。
Echo: And we are here today with lower intermediate, season 1, lesson 3. Nothing is Perfect in China.
Oscar: 冇嘢係完美嘅。(mou5 je5 hai6 jyun4 mei5 ge3.)
Echo: Not everything can be perfect.
Oscar: 唔係所有嘢都咁完美。(m4 hai6 so2 jau5 je5 dou1 gam3 jyun4 mei5.)
Echo: Our dialogue today takes place between two friends. They are talking about a new laptop and are speaking casual Cantonese as always.
Oscar: 咁我哋而家去聽下。 (gam2 ngo5 dei6 ji4 gaa1 heoi3 teng1 haa5.)
DIALOGUE
A: 部手提電腦好靚喔! (A: bou6 sau2 tai4 din6 nou5 hou2 leng3 wo3!)
B: 多謝,我尋日買嘅。 (B: do1 ze6, ngo5 cam4 jat6 maai5 ge3.)
A: 又薄又輕。 (A: jau6 bok6 jau6 heng1.)
B: 係呀...係最新嘅型號。 (B: hai6 aa1...hai6 zeoi3 san1 ge3 jing4 hou6.)
A: 但係個螢幕細咗啲。 (A: daan6 hai6 go3 jing4 mok6 sai3 zo2 di1.)
B: 冇嘢係完美㗎嘛。 (B: mou5 je5 hai6 jyun4 mei5 gaa1 maa3.)
David: One more time, a bit slower.
A: 部手提電腦好靚喔! (A: bou6 sau2 tai4 din6 nou5 hou2 leng3 wo3!)
B: 多謝,我尋日買嘅。 (B: do1 ze6, ngo5 cam4 jat6 maai5 ge3.)
A: 又薄又輕。 (A: jau6 bok6 jau6 heng1.)
B: 係呀...係最新嘅型號。 (B: hai6 aa1...hai6 zeoi3 san1 ge3 jing4 hou6.)
A: 但係個螢幕細咗啲。 (A: daan6 hai6 go3 jing4 mok6 sai3 zo2 di1.)
B: 冇嘢係完美㗎嘛。 (B: mou5 je5 hai6 jyun4 mei5 gaa1 maa3.)
David: And now with the English translation.
A: 部手提電腦好靚喔! (A: bou6 sau2 tai4 din6 nou5 hou2 leng3 wo3!)
A: What a beautiful laptop!
B: 多謝,我尋日買嘅。 (B: do1 ze6, ngo5 cam4 jat6 maai5 ge3.)
B: Thanks, I just bought it yesterday.
A: 又薄又輕。 (A: jau6 bok6 jau6 heng1.)
A: It's so thin, and so light.
B: 係呀...係最新嘅型號。 (B: hai6 aa1...hai6 zeoi3 san1 ge3 jing4 hou6.)
B: Yeah...it's the latest model.
A: 但係個螢幕細咗啲。 (A: daan6 hai6 go3 jing4 mok6 sai3 zo2 di1.)
A: But the screen is a bit small.
B: 冇嘢係完美㗎嘛。 (B: mou5 je5 hai6 jyun4 mei5 gaa1 maa3.)
B: Well...nothing is perfect.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Echo: Oscar, what kind of laptop do you like?
Oscar: 輕啲嘅,同薄啲嘅,咁你呢? (heng1 di1 ge3 ,tung4 bok6 di1 ge3 ,gam3 nei5 ne1?)
Echo: Same here. Actually I like perfect computers.
Oscar: 邊有咁容易買到㗎? (bin1 jau5 gam3 jung4 ji6 maai5 dou2 gaa3?)
Echo: I know. Anyway, our vocabulary today is all about computers. Let’s have a listen. lesson
VOCAB LIST
Oscar: 手提電腦 (sau2 tai4 din6 nau5)
Echo: Laptop.
Oscar: 手 提 電 腦, 手提電腦。薄 (sau2 tai4 din6 nau5, sau2 tai4 din6 nau5. bok6)
Echo: Thin.
Oscar: 薄, 薄。輕 (bok6, bok6. heng1)
Echo: Light.
Oscar: 輕, 輕。大 (heng1, heng1. daai6)
Echo: Big.
Oscar: 大, 大。細 (daai6, daai6. sai3)
Echo: Small
Oscar: 細, 細。型號 (sai3, sai3. jing4 hou6)
Echo: Model.
Oscar: 型 號, 型號。螢幕 (jing4 hou6, jing4 hou6. jing4 mok6)
Echo: Screen.
Oscar: 螢 幕, 螢幕。完美 (jing4 mok6, jing4 mok6. jyun4 mei5)
Echo: Perfect.
Oscar: 完 美, 完美。方便 (jyun4 mei5, jyun4 mei5. fong1 bin6)
Echo: Convenient.
Oscar: 方 便, 方便 (fong1 bin6, fong1 bin6)
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Echo: Let’s have a closer look at some of the words in this lesson. Our first word is perfect.
Oscar: 完美 (jyun4 mei5)
Echo: Perfect.
Oscar: 完 美 (jyun4 mei5)
Echo: But as we know, nothing is perfect.
Oscar: 冇嘢係完美嘅。 (mou5 je5 hai6 jyun4 mei5 ge3.)
Echo: Nothing is perfect.
Oscar: 冇嘢係完美嘅。 (mou5 je5 hai6 jyun4 mei5 ge3.)
Echo: Right but my laptop is nearly perfect.
Oscar: 我部手提電腦差唔多完美。 (ngo5 bou6 sau2 tai4 din6 nou5 caa1 m4 do1 jyun4 mei5.)
Echo: Right because it’s an Apple.
Oscar: Okay, Apple嘅手提電腦差唔多完美. (Apple ge3 sau2 tai4 din6 nou5 caa1 m4 do1 jyun4 mei5. )
Echo: Right and there are two reasons it is almost perfect. The first one is
Oscar: 輕 (heng1)
Echo: Light.
Oscar: 輕 (heng1)
Echo: And the second one is
Oscar: 細 (sai3)
Echo: Small.
Oscar: 細 (sai3)
Echo: Small. Okay Oscar, let’s give people some examples. I want a light laptop.
Oscar: 我想要部輕嘅手提電腦. (ngo5 soeng2 jiu3 bou6 heng1 ge3 sau2 tai4 din6 nou5.)
Echo: I want a light laptop.
Oscar: 我想要部輕嘅手提電腦. (ngo5 soeng2 jiu3 bou6 heng1 ge3 sau2 tai4 din6 nou5.)
Echo: I also want a small laptop.
Oscar: 我都想要部細嘅手提電腦. (ngo5 dou1 soeng2 jiu3 bou6 sai3 ge3 sau2 tai4 din6 nou5.)
Echo: I also want a small laptop.
Oscar: 我都想要部細嘅手提電腦. (ngo5 dou1 soeng2 jiu3 bou6 sai3 ge3 sau2 tai4 din6 nou5.)
Echo: Yes. And it’s not just about the size, but also convenience.
Oscar: 方便. (fong1 bin6.)
Echo: Convenient.
Oscar: 方便. (fong1 bin6.)
Echo: Convenient. So a good laptop should be
Oscar: 又輕, 又細, 又方便. (jau6 heng1 , jau6 sai3 , jau6 fong1 bin6.)
Echo: Right. So remember these three words.
Oscar: 輕 (heng1)
Echo: Light.
Oscar: 細 (sai3)
Echo: Small
Oscar: 方便 (fong1 bin6)
Echo: Convenient.
Oscar: 咁就完美啦! (gam3 zau6 jyun4 mei5 laa1 !)
Echo: Right. They make a laptop perfect. Okay let’s move on to our grammar point today.

Lesson focus

Oscar: It’s grammar time.
Echo: Today we want to talk about two sentence patterns. The first one is
Oscar: 咗啲 (zo2 di1)
Echo: Right. This is a mild way to complain.
Oscar: 咗啲 (zo2 di1)
Echo: For example, you can say
Oscar: 大咗啲 (daai6 zo2 di1)
Echo: A bit too big.
Oscar: 大咗啲 (daai6 zo2 di1)
Echo: A bit too big.
Oscar: 呢部手提電腦大咗啲 (ni1 bou6 sau2 tai4 din6 nou5 daai6 zo2 di1)
Echo: This laptop is a bit too big.
Oscar: 呢部手提電腦大咗啲 (ni1 bou6 sau2 tai4 din6 nou5 daai6 zo2 di1)
Echo: This laptop is a bit too big or
Oscar: 輕咗啲 (heng1 zo2 di1)
Echo: A bit too light.
Oscar: 輕咗啲 (heng1 zo2 di1)
Echo: A bit too light.
Oscar: 嗰部手機輕咗啲 (go2 bou6 sau2 gei1 heng1 zo2 di1)
Echo: That phone is a bit too light.
Oscar: 嗰部手機輕咗啲 (go2 bou6 sau2 gei1 heng1 zo2 di1)
Echo: That phone is a bit too light.
Oscar: Okay 呢句好容易用. (ni1 geoi3 hou2 jung4 ji6 jung6.)
Echo: Right. First comes the adjective, then comes
Oscar: 咗啲(zo2 di1). 呢個就係我地第一個語法點喇! (ni1 go3 zau6 hai6 ngo5 dei6 dai6 jat1 go3 jyu5 faat3 dim2 laa3 ! )
Echo: This is our first grammar pattern. The second pattern we wanted to highlight is
Oscar: 又 (jau6)
Echo: Also
Oscar: 又 (jau6)
Echo: Also. And we use this to make lists.
Oscar: 我部手提電腦又薄又輕。 (ngo5 bou6 sau2 tai4 din6 nou5 jau6 bok6 jau6 heng1.)
Echo: My laptop is thin and light.
Oscar: 我部手提電腦又薄又輕。 (ngo5 bou6 sau2 tai4 din6 nou5 jau6 bok6 jau6 heng1.)
Echo: My laptop is thin and light or
Oscar: 嗰部手提電腦又厚又重。 (go2 bou6 sau2 tai4 din6 nou5 jau6 hau5 jau6 cung4.)
Echo: That laptop is big and thick.
Oscar: 嗰部手提電腦又厚又重。 (go2 bou6 sau2 tai4 din6 nou5 jau6 hau5 jau6 cung4.)
Echo: That laptop is big and thick.
Oscar: 又大, 又厚, 又唔方便。 (jau6 daai6 , jau6 hau5 , jau6 m4 fong1 bin6.)
Echo: I don’t want that laptop.
Oscar: 冇錯! 你要嘅係又薄, 又輕, 又方便。 (mou5 co3 ! nei5 jiu3 ge3 hai6 jau6 bok6 , jau6 heng1 , jau6 fong1 bin6.)
Echo: Right. So our tip, if you are buying a laptop, you want
Oscar: 又薄, 又輕, 又方便, 又完美。 (jau6 bok6 , jau6 heng1 , jau6 fong1 bin6 , jau6 jyun4 mei5.)
Echo: Not
Oscar: 又厚, 又重, 又唔方便。 (jau6 hau5 , jau6 cung4 , jau6 m4 fong1 bin6.)
Echo: Right. So today we learned a few words for talking about computers.
Oscar: 輕 , 細, 方便, 完美。 (heng1 , sai3 , fong1 bin6 , jyun4 mei5.)
Echo: And two simple sentence patterns.
Oscar: 咗啲 (zo2 di1)
Echo: And
Oscar: 又 (jau6)
Echo: So that’s our lesson. Before we go, we like to remind you
Oscar: 如果你有乜問題,就去我哋網站留言啦! (jyu4 gwo2 nei5 jau5 mat1 man6 tai4, zau6 heoi3 ngo5 dei6 mong5 zaam6 lau4 jin4 laa1 !)

Outro

Echo: Right. If you have any questions, please come to our website and leave your comment. The address is cantoneseclass101.com
Oscar: 我哋網上見. (ngo5 dei6 mong5 soeng6 gin3.)
Echo: Thanks for listening.
Oscar: 下次見啦! (haa6 ci3 gin3 laa1 !)

Grammar

Cantonese Grammar Made Easy - Unlock This Lesson’s Grammar Guide

Easily master this lesson’s grammar points with in-depth explanations and examples. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

12 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.

CantoneseClass101.com
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

What is the most important quality in a laptop for you? Try to say it in Cantonese!

CantoneseClass101.comVerified
Saturday at 12:30 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Vincent,


只有(zi2 jau5)~ only have, merely have

I think both of the sentences.......

"bou6 ce1 zi2 jau5 jat1 bou6 fo3 ce1 gam3 daai6" and "bou6 ce1 jau5 jat1 bou6 fo3 ce1 gam3 daai6 are correct.

If the word 只(zi2) is used, it emphasizes the meaning of "merely".


入緊嚟港口嗰隻 ,我有史以來見過最大隻嘅船.

jap6 gan2 lei4 gong2 hau2 go2 zek3 hai6 ngo5 jau5 si2 ji5 loi4 gin3 gwo3 zeoi3 daai6 zek3 ge3 syun4.

嗰隻(go2 zek3)~ that one, that boat

嗰(go2) ~ that

隻(zek3)~ measure word


港口 (gong2 hau2) ~ harbor, port

You are right again "hau2" 口 mean the "mouth" or "entry" to the harbor.


Siuling

Team CantoneseClass101.com


Vincent
Tuesday at 11:23 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

In this Lesson's Comments stating "ANSWER 2: 只有 mean "only have"; 只 (zi2) "only" and 有 (jau5) "have" (clarifying the sentence "san1 ge3 IPAD zi2 jau5 jat1 zek3 faai3 zi2 gam3 bok6. The new iPad is as thin as a chopstick."), is the pattern "is as [adjective] as a [object]" created by "jau5"有 [object] + "gam3"咁 [adjective]? Is 只"zi2" ("only") used only when suggesting that the object is lesser in some degree? For instance, to say "the car is as big as a truck," I'm guessing we would not use "zi2" and say "bou6 ce1 zi2 jau5 jat1 bou6 fo3 ce1 gam3 daai6" (as we are not suggesting it is "only" as big as a truck). Would we say "bou6 ce1 jau5 jat1 bou6 fo3 ce1 gam3 daai6?"


In follow-up to this Lesson's Comments setting forth "Answer 4" (clarifying the vocabulary sentence "jap6 gan2 lei4 gong2 hau2 go2 zek3 hai6 ngo5 jau5 si2 ji5 loi4 gin3 gwo3 zeoi3 daai6 zek3 ge3 syun4." 入緊嚟港口嗰隻 ,我有史以來見過最大隻嘅船), what does "go2"嗰 and "zek3"隻 mean, individually and together if they form a word together, and does "hau2" 口 mean the "mouth" or "entry" to the harbor? Thank you, again, for your helpful explanations!


Cantoneseclass@101.com
Sunday at 11:07 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Wanching,


Very good question! ?


When verb + 咗啲( zo2 di1) , for example , update 咗啲.. In this case 咗(zo2) become the particle showing the past action and 啲(di1) means "a little bit". Another example, 我食咗啲雪糕。(ngo5 sik6 zo2 di1 syut3 gou1) ~ I ate a little bit ice cream.


Siuling

Team CantoneseClass101.com

Wanching
Monday at 12:02 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

hi Cantonese101

in this lesson we learn adjective XXX follows 咗啲 means a little bit XXX

my question is when verb + 咗啲 then what the meaning? For example , update 咗啲..

Cantoneseclass101.comVerified
Monday at 3:16 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Lu Yen,


You are right that 完 (jyun4) means "over" or "complete" and 圆 (jyun4) is "round". They sound exactly the same.


But for the word 圆, it can be pronounced as (jyun2) instead of (jyun4).

For example, people in Hong Kong say 汤圆 (tong1 jyun2) or 湯丸(tong1 jyun2) =>sweet glutinous rice balls.:smile:


Siuling

Team CantoneseClass101.com

Lu Yen
Friday at 7:54 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi,

I am learning how to enunciate the following

完 over

圆 round


these sound similar and I can't tell them apart except in context,

Is there something I am missing?


Thank you

LY

CantoneseClass101
Monday at 10:52 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Questions regarding Vocabulary Expansion contents (sample sentences):


QUESTION 1:

-------------------

清晰 in 呢個螢幕好清晰。 Why is 晰 used after 清晰? It means :"clear style"? Can we use 清楚 for clear in this sentence? I am just wonderful why the word style is used to describe the monitor is very clear.


ANSWER 1:

清晰 is an adjective we often use to describe something with resolution, for instances TV, monitor, photos.

Using 清 or 清楚 are understandable, but comparatively they are more casual and lack the implied technicality, they simply means "clear" as in not blurry.


QUESTION 2:

-------------------

新嘅IPAD只有一隻筷子咁薄。只有 what does this mean? Can you break down each word for me the meaning? Why is the measure word for chopstick 隻?


ANSWER 2:

只有 mean "only have"; 只 (zi2) "only" and 有 (jau5) "have"

The measure word for single chopstick is 隻, and for a pair of chopsticks is 對. This is a very common pattern for items that are usually in pairs, for example: socks, shoes, eyes, ears, hands, legs, etc. (Note that pants and leggings are not considered a pair in Chinese/Cantonese)

Eg. 一隻腳 "one leg"; 一對腳 "pair of legs"


QUESTION 3:

-------------------

佢將其中一張相晒大。 Can you break these words with meanings? 其中 (zung1 means middle) I don't know what kei4 means.


ANSWER 3:

Let's break down the sentence: 佢 / 將 / 其中一張 / 相 / 晒 / 大。

He (or She) / preposition marker / one (among all) / photo / to develop / big.

其中 means "among" or "in" a group. By itself, 其 means "that; such", so 其中 refers to "within that" and 其中之一 means "one of, one of them".


QUESTION 4:

-------------------

入緊嚟港口嗰隻係我有史以來見過最大隻嘅船。 This is a really difficult sentence for me to understand. What does this mean? 係我有史以來 Can you please break it down for me?


ANSWER 4:

This is a quite complicated sentence ^^" Let's break it down part by part:

A [入緊嚟港口嗰隻] 係 B[我有史以來見過最大隻嘅船]。 -> A is B.


A 入緊嚟港口嗰隻 -> "that one entering the harbor"

B 我有史以來見過最大隻嘅船 -> "the biggest ship I've ever seen"

A is B => That ship entering the harbor is the biggest one I've ever seen.

In English we say the noun first, then the pronoun "one" when describing the same noun. In this sentence, it's the other way around, we say the noun last.


Let's break down the set phrase 有史以來:

有 "have"

史 "history"

以來 "ever since"

Altogether it means "since the beginning of history"

So 我有史以來 = since the beginning of my history = ever since I was born


QUESTION 5:

-------------------

咁就完美啦! connecting word 就 - what does it mean?


ANSWER 5:

就 can be roughly translated as the adverb "then" in this case. 咁就完美啦! "(If so,) then it'd be perfect!"

CantoneseClass101
Monday at 10:55 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Tung,


The word "ge3" when placed at the end of a sentence, become a final particle connoting assertion with emphasis, as in the 2nd sentence of the dialogue.


In the 4th sentence, we see "ge3" again, but this time it's following an adjective san1 "new", so it becomes a relative pronoun, such as "that" and "which".


Keep up the good work, and feel free to ask if you have any other questions! :thumbsup:


Olivia

Team CantoneseClass101.com

Tung
Saturday at 7:31 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi there,

Could you explain, what does the "ge" do in the sentence structure. Does it work like a past tense?

CantoneseClass101.comVerified
Monday at 12:08 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi cloudrider,


Thank you very much for your support! :grin:

Please let us know if you have any questions about the language and lesson contents.

We're here to help!


Cheers,

Olivia

Team CantoneseClass101.com