Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Becky: Hello and welcome back to CantoneseClass101.com. This is Lower Beginner, season 1, lesson 6, What’s the Most Famous Dish at this Cantonese Restaurant? I’m Becky.
Olivia: 哈囉!(haa1 lo3!) And I’m Olivia!
Becky: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to ask for recommendations.
Olivia: The conversation takes place at a Hong Kong restaurant...
Becky: ...between a waiter and a customer.
Olivia: And as usual, the speakers will be using casual Cantonese.
Becky: Let’s listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

客人: 呢度至好食係乜?(HAAK3 JAN4: ni1 dou6 zi3 hou2 sik6 hai6 mat1?)
侍應: 我哋啲叉燒至出名。(SI6 JING3: ngo5 dei6 di1 caa1 siu1 zi3 ceot1 meng2.)
客人: 咁我要一碟叉燒啦。(HAAK3 JAN4: gam2 ngo5 jiu3 jat1 dip6 caa1 siu1 laa1.)
侍應: 多謝晒。(SI6 JING3: do1 ze6 saai3.)
Becky: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
客人: 呢度至好食係乜?(HAAK3 JAN4: ni1 dou6 zi3 hou2 sik6 hai6 mat1?)
侍應: 我哋啲叉燒至出名。(SI6 JING3: ngo5 dei6 di1 caa1 siu1 zi3 ceot1 meng2.)
客人: 咁我要一碟叉燒啦。(HAAK3 JAN4: gam2 ngo5 jiu3 jat1 dip6 caa1 siu1 laa1.)
侍應: 多謝晒。(SI6 JING3: do1 ze6 saai3.)
Becky: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
客人: 呢度至好食係乜?(HAAK3 JAN4: ni1 dou6 zi3 hou2 sik6 hai6 mat1?)
Becky: What is the best food here?
侍應: 我哋啲叉燒至出名。(SI6 JING3: ngo5 dei6 di1 caa1 siu1 zi3 ceot1 meng2.)
Becky: Our barbecued pork is the most famous here.
客人: 咁我要一碟叉燒啦。(HAAK3 JAN4: gam2 ngo5 jiu3 jat1 dip6 caa1 siu1 laa1.)
Becky: Then I'll have one plate of barbecued pork.
侍應: 多謝晒。(SI6 JING3: do1 ze6 saai3.)
Becky: Thank you very much.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Becky: Olivia, do you usually ask for recommendations before you order at a restaurant?
Olivia: Yes, if it’s a restaurant I’ve never been to, I will ask what their most famous dish is. And for restaurants that I’ve been to, I’ll ask what is fresh and their special of the day.
Becky: Do they usually give good suggestions?
Olivia: Well, I’ve had good and bad experiences.
Becky: What were the good experiences?
Olivia: I like to order something they recommend, because often the ingredients seem to be fresh. Sometimes the daily special is a good deal and the food comes fast.
Becky: How about a bad experience?
Olivia: There were occasions where I visited a famous restaurant and ordered their most famous dish, but it was very disappointing, and it was very expensive too.
Becky: That’s a shame. I usually go online and look for food reviews beforehand.
Olivia: That's a good idea!
Becky: Okay, now let’s move on to the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
The first word we shall see is:
呢度 (ni1 dou6) [natural native speed]
here
呢度 (ni1 dou6) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
呢度 (ni1 dou6) [natural native speed]
Next:
出名 (ceot1 meng2) [natural native speed]
famous
出名 (ceot1 meng2) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
出名 (ceot1 meng2) [natural native speed]
Next:
碟 (dip6) [natural native speed]
plate, plate of
碟 (dip6) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
碟 (dip6) [natural native speed]
Next:
叉燒 (caa1 siu1) [natural native speed]
barbecued pork
叉燒 (caa1 siu1) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
叉燒 (caa1 siu1) [natural native speed]
Next:
咁 (gam2) [natural native speed]
so, then
咁 (gam2) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
咁 (gam2) [natural native speed]
Next:
侍應 (si6 jing3) [natural native speed]
waiter, waitress
侍應 (si6 jing3) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
侍應 (si6 jing3) [natural native speed]
Next:
客人 (haak3 jan4) [natural native speed]
customer, client
客人 (haak3 jan4) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
客人 (haak3 jan4) [natural native speed]
And Last:
多謝晒 (do1 ze6 saai3) [natural native speed]
Thank you very much. (formal)
多謝晒 (do1 ze6 saai3) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
多謝晒 (do1 ze6 saai3) [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Becky: Let’s take a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson. What are we starting with?
Olivia: 出名 (ceot1 meng2)
Becky: What can you tell us about this?
Olivia: 出 (ceot1) normally means “out”, as in 出入 (ceot1 jap6), ”out and in”.
Becky: In English, we usually say “in and out”, and in Cantonese, it’s the other way around.
Olivia: Yes. In this phrase, 出 (ceot1) implies “coming out”. 名 (ming4) is “name”. When you put them together, it implies the idea that “the name is coming out”, meaning “famous”, 出名(ceot1 meng2.)
Becky: Being famous!
Olivia: Yes. You're famous, 你好出名! (nei5 hou2 ceot1 meng2!)
Becky: Really? I'm famous? Great! Thank you!! Can you repeat that?
Olivia: 出名 (ceot1 meng2)[pause] 出名 (ceot1 meng2)
Becky: Famous!
Olivia: The next word we're learning in this lesson is 碟 (dip6).
Becky: What does that mean?
Olivia: 碟 (dip6) by itself means “plate; or dish”, but it's also the classifier. You can use it as “a plate of” or “a dish of” something, for example, “a dish of fried rice” 一碟炒飯 (jat1 dip6 caau2 faan6).
Becky: I see. How do you say “a dish of fish” then?
Olivia: 一碟魚. (jat1 dip6 jyu2.)
Becky: A dish of chicken?
Olivia: 一碟雞. (jat1 dip6 gai1.)
Becky: That seems easy! Okay, now onto the grammar.

Lesson focus

Becky: In this lesson, you’ll how to use the superlative state of a description.
Olivia: In Cantonese, we use 至 (zi3) for the superlative state.
Becky: Can you repeat the phrases from the dialogue?
Olivia: There are two of them, 至好食 (zi3 hou2 sik6) and 至出名(zi3 ceot1 meng2).
Becky: “The most delicious” and “the most famous”
Olivia: Right, in which 至(zi3 ) means “the most”, and is always followed by an adjective, like 好食 (hou2 sik6) “delicious; yummy”, and 出名 (ceot1 meng2) “famous”.
Becky: I see, so if I know the adjective “expensive”, now I know how to say “the most expensive”!
Olivia: Exactly, it’s 至貴 (zi3 gwai3).
Becky: How about “the most beautiful”?
Olivia: “Beautiful” is 靚 (leng3), so “the most beautiful” is 至靚 (zi3 leng3).
Becky: Oh! Thank you Olivia, that’s so nice of you! (laughs) So for some adjectives in English, we'll add “–est” at the end of the word to imply the superlative degree. How do you do that in Cantonese?
Olivia: It’s easy in Cantonese. You just add 至 (zi3) before the adjectives.
Becky: What about for “cheapest”?
Olivia: Since “cheap” is 平(peng4)﹔”the cheapest” will be 至平 (zi3 peng4).
Becky: And how about “the biggest”?
Olivia: “big” is 大 (daai6)﹔so ”the biggest” is 至大(zi3 daai6).
Becky: How about for “the most” as in “I have the most”.
Olivia: 多(do1) means “many”. So 至多(zi3 do1), is literally “the most many”, and it means “the most”. 至多(zi3 do1)。
Becky: Olivia, is this the only word you use for the superlative degree?
Olivia: There's another word that's very similar to 至(zi3), and we’ve talked about it previously in our Absolute Beginner series lessons.
Becky: Can you remind us what it is?
Olivia: It’s 最(zeoi3).
Becky: So it also means “the most”?
Olivia: Yes. 最 (zeoi3) is used in spoken and written forms for “the most”.
Becky: And it’s also used before adjectives?
Olivia: Yes. You can apply this in the same way as 至(zi3).
Becky: Can you give some examples please?
Olivia: 最大 (zeoi3 daai6) means “the biggest” and 最多 (zeoi3 do1) means “the most”.
Becky: So for the sentences in our dialogue, can you use this word?
Olivia: Yes, 至好食﹐最好食. (zi3 hou2 sik6, zeoi3 hou2 sik6.)
Becky: How about “the most famous dish is barbequed pork”?
Olivia: 叉燒至出名﹐ 叉燒最出名 (caa1 siu1 zi3 ceot1 meng2, caa1 siu1 zeoi3 ceot1 meng2)
Becky: Which one do you like better?
Olivia: Either one is fine in conversation, but 至 (zi3) is more colloquial, and can't be used in writing, so I think it’s more unique to Cantonese.
Becky: I see, so you’d sound more like a native.
Olivia: Exactly!

Outro

Becky: Well listeners, that’s all for this lesson. Thanks for listening, and we’ll see you next time. Bye!
Olivia: 拜拜!(baai1 baai3!)

Grammar

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18 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

CantoneseClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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What's your favorite Cantonese cuisine?

CantoneseClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 04:43 PM
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Hi William,


Thanks for your question. 👍

It depends on the combinations. In general, when you talk about "fish", or "fish type", it is always 魚 (jyu2), such as 鯊魚 (saa1 jyu2) ~ shark and 三文魚 (saam1 man4 jyu2) ~ salmon. There are also some exceptional cases, like 鯨魚 (king4 jyu4) ~ whale.

But for the food related to fish, it is always 魚 (jyu4), including 魚蛋 (jyu4 daan2) ~ fishball.


Ada

Team CantoneseClass101.com

William
Tuesday at 12:53 PM
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Hi,


Is it supposed to be jyu2 or jyu4 (for the word fish) because for some words in the dictionary it uses jyu4 but for most others it uses jyu2.


Thanks, William

CantoneseClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 04:39 AM
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Hello robert groulx,


You are very welcome. 😇

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

Good luck with your language studies.


Kind regards,

利凡特

Team CantoneseClass101.com

robert groulx
Friday at 10:32 PM
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thanks for the lesson


my favorite phrase is 至好食﹐最好食.


robert

CantoneseClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 01:21 PM
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Hello Katie,


Thanks for posting! 😉 It is almost correct!

When saying 夫妻 (fu1 cai1), it refers to husband and wife. If talking about the couple which is not in a martial relationship, then it calls 情侶 (cing4 leoi5). Therefore, which word you should use depends on what kind of relationship you want to talk about. 😉

呢對係我最鍾意嘅夫妻 (ni1 deoi3 hai6 ngo5 zeoi3 zung1 ji3 ge3 fu1 cai1) ~ This is my most favorite couple (specifically husband and wife)

呢對係我最鍾意嘅情侶 (ni1 deoi3 hai6 ngo5 zeoi3 zung1 ji3 ge3 cing4 leoi5) ~ This is my most favorite couple (just boyfriend and girlfriend)


Ada

Team CantoneseClass101.com

Katie
Tuesday at 07:46 AM
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Hello,

Is this the right way to say:" This is my most favorite couple"? 呢個係我最鍾意嘅夫妻.

多謝晒!

CantoneseClass101.com Verified
Friday at 02:09 AM
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Hello Penny,


Thank you for your question.

Your suggestion works too. Good! 😉👍 Although 嘅 ge3 does not mean exactly the same as 啲 di1, both 嘅 ge3 and 啲 di1 work in this content.


Ada

Team CantoneseClass101.com

penny
Monday at 07:05 PM
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In the dialogue —- ngo5 dei6 di1 caa1siu1

dim2 gaai2 di1 ngo5 wui5 gong2 ge3 jan1 wai6 our hai6 ngo5 dei6 ge3

why is it di1 I would say ge because our is ngo5 dei6 ge3

m4 goi1 saai3

Cantoneseclass@101.com
Sunday at 04:36 AM
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Hello Ken,


Great to hear that you are using the Cantonese you learned in your daily conversation. Very good practice.👍


About the usage of 至 (zi3) and 最 (zeoi3), please check out the link below and the language tip of this lesson. 😄

https://www.cantoneseclass101.com/learningcenter/reference/grammar/32


Language Tip

Do you remember learning something similar before? In our Absolute Beginner series Season 2 lesson 14, we talked about the word 最 (zeoi3), which acts like 至 (zi3). When used in expressing extremes in adjectives, 最 (zeoi3) and 至 (zi3) are interchangeable. Attitude-wise, 至 (zi3) sounds more colloquial than 最 (zeoi3).


To recap, the formation for 最 is:


最 (zeoi3) + adjective = "the most" + adjective


For example:


最靚係你。

zeoi3 leng3 hai6 nei5.

"The most beautiful one is you."

至靚係你。

zi3 leng3 hai6 nei5.

"The most beautiful one is you."


Siuling

Team CantoneseClass101.com

Ken
Friday at 10:23 AM
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Just want to amend my comment below: he said zeoi3 hou2 for best.