Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hello and welcome to the Lower Beginner series at CantoneseClass101.com. This is Season 1, Lesson 25, These Cantonese Phrases are Filled With Happiness! I’m Eric.
Teddy: 哈囉!( haa1 lo3!) And I’m Teddy!
Eric: In this final lesson of the series, you’ll learn how to offer greetings and blessings for holidays and festivals.
Teddy: The conversation takes place at a party.
Eric: It’s between two friends, Jane and Wendy.
Teddy: And as usual, the speakers will be speaking casual Cantonese.
Eric: Let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Wendy: 聖誕快樂!(sing3 daan3 faai3 lok6!)
Jane: 飲杯!(jam2 bui1!)
Wendy: 身體健康!(san1 tai2 gin6 hong1!)
Jane: 同大家玩開心啲!(tung4 daai6 gaa1 wan2 hoi1 sam1 di1!)
Eric: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Wendy: 聖誕快樂!(sing3 daan3 faai3 lok6!)
Jane: 飲杯!(jam2 bui1!)
Wendy: 身體健康!(san1 tai2 gin6 hong1!)
Jane: 同大家玩開心啲!(tung4 daai6 gaa1 wan2 hoi1 sam1 di1!)
Eric: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Wendy: 聖誕快樂!(sing3 daan3 faai3 lok6!)
Eric: Merry Christmas!
Jane: 飲杯!(jam2 bui1!)
Eric: Cheers!
Wendy: 身體健康!(san1 tai2 gin6 hong1!)
Eric: To good health!
Jane: 同大家玩開心啲!(tung4 daai6 gaa1 wan2 hoi1 sam1 di1!)
Eric: Have a great time with everyone!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Eric: Do you celebrate Christmas and the New Year in Hong Kong?
Teddy: Yes. For those holidays, we have big celebrations here in Hong Kong.
Eric: How about in mainland China? Do they celebrate Christmas?
Teddy: Not really. Unlike Hong Kong, Christmas isn’t a public holiday there. However, shopping malls will have sales and Christmas decorations.
Eric: What about the New Year? Is it a big festival?
Teddy: We have the year-end countdown and street parties in Hong Kong. But in Hong Kong and China, the Chinese New Year—or Lunar New Year—is a bigger deal. There are fireworks, parades, big sales and decorations everywhere for the Chinese New Year.
Eric: How do you say “New Year” in Cantonese?
Teddy: The New Year is 新年 (san1 nin4). The Chinese New Year is called 農曆新年 (nung4 lik6 san1 nin4).
Eric: Okay, now let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
VOCAB LIST
The first word we shall see is:
聖誕 (sing3 daan3) [natural native speed]
Christmas
聖誕 (sing3 daan3) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
聖誕 (sing3 daan3) [natural native speed]
Next:
快樂 (faai3 lok6) [natural native speed]
happy
快樂 (faai3 lok6) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
快樂 (faai3 lok6) [natural native speed]
Next:
大家 (daai6 gaa1) [natural native speed]
everyone, everybody
大家 (daai6 gaa1) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
大家 (daai6 gaa1) [natural native speed]
Next:
飲杯 (jam2 bui1) [natural native speed]
Cheers!
飲杯 (jam2 bui1) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
飲杯 (jam2 bui1) [natural native speed]
Next:
身體 (san1 tai2) [natural native speed]
body
身體 (san1 tai2) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
身體 (san1 tai2) [natural native speed]
Next:
健康 (gin6 hong1) [natural native speed]
healthy
健康 (gin6 hong1) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
健康 (gin6 hong1) [natural native speed]
Next:
玩 (waan2) [natural native speed]
to play
玩 (waan2) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
玩 (waan2) [natural native speed]
And Last:
開心 (hoi1 sam1) [natural native speed]
happy
開心 (hoi1 sam1) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
開心 (hoi1 sam1) [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Eric: Let’s take a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson. What phrase are we starting with?
Teddy: 飲杯 (jam2 bui1) We use this phrase at most parties.
Eric: What does it mean?
Teddy: 飲 (jam2) means "to drink" and 杯 (bui1) means "cup" or "glass." Together, 飲杯 (jam2 bui1) means "cheers."
Eric: That makes sense. How about when we’re drinking liquor?
Teddy: We say 飲酒 (jam2 zau2) It refers to drinking all kinds of alcohol, including wine.
Eric: Ok. Would you repeat them for our listeners please?
Teddy: 飲杯 (jam2 bui1 ) [slow] 飲杯 (jam2 bui1) [normal]
Eric: "Cheers!"
Teddy: 飲酒 (jam2 zau2)
Eric: "Drinking any kind of alcohol."
Teddy: Okay, here’s a pop quiz, do you know the meaning of 飲水? (jam2 seoi2 ?)
Eric: "Drinking water?"
Teddy: Right. How about 飲茶? (jam2 caa4?)
Eric: "Drinking tea."
Teddy: Excellent! That also means "to go to a dim sum restaurant."
Eric: I see. And what’s the second phrase we’re going to talk about?
Teddy: 開心 (hoi1 sam1)
Eric: It’s one way to say "happy!"
Teddy: Right, 開心 (hoi1 sam1). 開 (hoi1) means "to open," and 心 (sam1) means "heart." So open your heart, and be happy. 開心 (hoi1 sam1)
Eric: So how do you say, "I’m happy?"
Teddy: 我開心! (ngo5 hoi1 sam1 !)
Eric: And how do you say, "I’m not happy?"
Teddy: 我唔開心! (ngo5 m4 hoi1 sam1 !)
Eric: "Happy or not?"
Teddy: 開唔開心? (hoi1 m4 hoi1 sam1 ?)
Eric: Great! Now I’m very happy because I learned how to say "happy!"
Teddy: Yay! 開心 (hoi1 sam1 ) [slowly] 開心.(hoi1 sam1 ) [natural speed]
Eric: Okay, now onto the grammar.

Lesson focus

Eric: In this lesson, you’ll learn about...celebratory phrases in Cantonese that we use for holidays and festivals.
Teddy: Yes, we hope our listeners will practice and use them, especially for the Chinese New Year.
Eric: What kinds of good wishes do people offer for the Chinese New Year?
Teddy: Upon meeting someone, we usually say a four-character blessing.
Eric: When I was in Hong Kong during the Chinese New Year, kids loved to say, "Gung hei fat choi."
Teddy: Yes! When they say that, kids receive red envelopes containing money for luck. Therefore, it’s common for kids to memorize a lot of these celebratory phrases.
Eric: So what kind of holiday wishes can you teach us in this lesson?
Teddy: Let’s start with "Merry Christmas!" In Cantonese, we say "Christmas-happy," or 聖誕快樂 (sing3 daan3 faai3 lok6.)
Eric: So "Happy New Year" would be "New Year-happy?"
Teddy: Right, 新年快樂 (san1 nin4 faai3 lok6)
Eric: And "Happy Birthday" will be "birthday-happy."
Teddy: Exactly, 生日快樂 (saang1 jat6 faai3 lok6)
Eric: I see. You say the event first, and then follow it with the adjective “happy.”
Teddy: Right! But note that the word for "happy" is different than the one we used in the dialogue. In these four-character blessings, we use the written form 快樂 (faai3 lok6), while the colloquial form of "happy" is 開心 (hoi1 sam1).
Eric: I see! So we’ve learned both ways to say "happy!" Now for the Chinese New Year, I only know how to say "Gung hei fat choi."
Teddy: That’s the most common one. But there are lots of other good wishes we use for the Chinese New Year. For example, in the dialogue, we heard 身體健康 (san1 tai2 gin6 hong1).
Eric: That’s to wish others good health.
Teddy: 身體 (san1 tai2) is "body," and 健康 (gin6 hong1) is "healthy." Together, 身體健康 (san1 tai2 gin6 hong1) is "good health."
Eric: Yes, that’s the most important.
Teddy: Another common Chinese New Year blessing is 笑口常開 (siu3 hau2 soeng4 hoi1)
Eric: Its literal meaning is "laughing mouth always open." That’s a funny image!
Teddy: Yes, it means "to be happy always." Okay here’s one more that all ladies would love to hear - 青春常駐 (cing1 ceon1 soeng4 zyu3).
Eric: What does that mean? I only recognize the first two characters for "youth."
Teddy: 青春常駐 (cing1 ceon1 soeng4 zyu3) means "to be young forever." Its literal meaning is "youth stays always."
Eric: Great! That’s a really good blessing!

Outro

Eric: Now listeners, sadly this is the end of the Lower Beginner series. We hope you enjoyed our lessons, and wish you all the best in learning Cantonese!
Teddy: Keep up the good work! 下次見!(haa6 ci3 gin3!)

5 Comments

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CantoneseClass101.com
Saturday at 6:30 pm
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Please let us know if you have any questions!

CantoneseClass101.comVerified
Saturday at 9:06 pm
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Hello Vincent,


後生嗰陣大家都有啲理想。

hau6 saang1 go2 zan6 daai6 gaa1 dou1 jau5 di1 lei5 soeng2 zyu2 ji6.

Everyone has a bit of idealism in their early years.


理想主義(lei5 soeng2 zyu2 ji6) ~ idealism

理想(lei5 soeng2) ~ ideal

理(lei5) ~ logic, reaon

想(soeng2) ~ thinking, want, hope

主義(zyu2 ji6) ~ ideology; -ism

主(zyu2 ji6) ~ main, preside

義(ji6) ~ justice, meaning


青春常駐(cing1 ceon1 soeng4 zyu3) ~

"Wish you youth forever (Literally, "Youth always stays!")!"


青春(cing1 ceon1) ~ youth

春(ceon1) ~ spring

常(soeng4) ~ always, frequently

駐(zyu3) ~ be stationed, stop


Siuling

Team CantoneseClass101.com

Vincent
Tuesday at 1:08 am
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What do "lei5," "soeng2," "zyu2," and "ji6" mean, individually and collectively if any of them form a word together, in the vocabulary sentence for "everyone?" ("hau6 saang1 go2 zan6 daai6 gaa1 dou1 jau5 di1 lei5 soeng2 zyu2 ji6. Everyone has a bit of idealism in their early years.")


In the example sentence, "cing1 ceon1 soeng4 zyu3." (Wish you youth forever), what does "ceon1, "soeng4," and "zyu3" mean, individually and collectively if any of them form a word together? Thank you, again!

CantoneseClass101.comVerified
Wednesday at 10:38 pm
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Hi Alex,


Thanks for your message.


Congratulations! Keep up the good work and in case you have any doubts, we're here to help :open_mouth:


Cristiane

Team CantoneseClass101.com

Alex
Monday at 2:09 am
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Hello,


I'd like to say I'm happy because I just finished the lower beginner series!


Would I say:


Ngo5 hou2 hoi1 sam1 jan1 wai6 aam1 aam1 hok6 jyun4 "lower beginner"!


Thank you so much for your expert advice:thumbsup:


Alex