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Lesson Transcript

nei5 ho2, ngo5 hai6 Olivia. Hi everybody! I’m Olivia.
Welcome to CantoneseClass101.com’s “saam1 fan1 zung1 gwong2 dung1 waa2”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Cantonese.
In the last lesson, we learned how to ask "Where" questions in Cantonese.
This time, we are going to ask questions with the interrogative word "When?"
Let’s go! hoi1 ci2 lo3!
Imagine you want to ask when your roommate is coming back home. You will ask him nei5 gei2 si4 fan1 aa6?
So let’s break down this question:
First we had:
nei5 → “you”
gei2 si4 → “what time;” “when”
fan1 → “to return”
aa6 → question particle
So, all together it is nei5 gei2 si4 fan1 aa6?
"When will you come back?"
[slowly] nei5 gei2 si4 fan1 aa6?
So in Cantonese, "When" is generally translated as gei2 si4 . For example, if you want to ask "When is your birthday?" nei5 gei2 si4 saang1 jat6?
So let’s have a look at another example:
How can you say "When did you arrive?"
It is really simple since it is exactly the same pattern: nei5 gei2 si4 dou3 gaa3?
First we have nei5, which is "you"
Then the second word, gei2 si4, which is this lesson’s focus “When”; then followed by the verb “to arrive”, dou3. And finally gaa3 which is the final particle for making an assertion.
Did you notice how both sentences, nei5 gei2 si4 fan1? and nei5 gei2 si4 dou3 gaa3? use the same words for “When” even though the first sentence is referring to a future action – "When are you coming home?" and the second one is referring to the past "When did you arrive?"
So you can use gei2 si4 to talk about any moment, whether past or present.
If you want to ask a question about duration as in "Since when have you been a teacher?" Then you will have to say nei5 gei2 si4 hoi1 ci2 zou6 lou5 si1 gaa3?
Here we add hoi1 ci2, the verb “to start”, after gei2 si4, so literally it is “You when start being teacher?”
Let’s see how to ask "Until when?" in Cantonese. It is very easy because you can translate it directly. It becomes: dou3 gei2 si4?
So for example, if you want to ask a friend "Until when are you going to stay here?" It will be nei5 hai2 dou6 lau4 dou3 gei2 si4?
Now it’s time for Olivia’s Insights.
To ask how long an action has been taking place in Cantonese, we could say gei2 noi6, for example:
nei5 dang2 zo2 gei2 noi6?, That is “How long have you been waiting?”
Ok, so in this lesson, we learned how to correctly use the interrogative Cantonese word for "When", gei2 si4, but also and its variations.
Next lesson we’ll learn more about asking questions with "Who" in Cantonese.
I’ll be waiting for you in the next saam1 fan1 zung1 gwong2 dung1 waa2 lesson! Haa6 ci3 gin3!

9 Comments

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CantoneseClass101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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Hi listeners! When did you come back home today?

CantoneseClass101.comVerified
Friday at 6:44 pm
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Hello Melia,


Appreciated your advice of adding the Cantonese characters. Thanks for your comment and will reflect your advice to the team.


Thanks again.


Siuling

Team CantoneseClass101.com


Melia
Wednesday at 1:32 pm
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Hello!

Why there are no Cantonese characters on the Lesson Notes?

Thanks.

cantoneseclass101.com
Saturday at 3:18 pm
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Hello Tim,


Thank you so much for your comment and advice. The Lesson Notes PDF always provide more detail explanation too.

We will make a note of it and appreciate your great help.


Siuling

Team CantoneseClass101.com

Tim
Saturday at 9:39 pm
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I would appreciate a sentence breakdown especially for the longer sentences in the middle and end of the video. THank you!

Cantoneseclass@101.com
Sunday at 10:25 am
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Hello Serena,


Thank you so much for your comment and advice. I will forward your feedback to the content team.


Thanks for your suggestion again. ?


Siuling

Team CantoneseClass101.com

Serena
Tuesday at 11:01 am
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You should keep the chinese characters! In all the earlier lessons they were there, now they aren't! Why?

Cantoneseclass101.comVerified
Wednesday at 12:00 pm
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Hello Heather Diver,


Thank you for your question. 呀(aa3) and 㗎(gaa3) can be used interchangeably. They are usually used as a final particle in the question. Sometimes 㗎(gaa3) is used when you want to express disapproval of something.


佢識唔識呀? (keoi5 sik1 m4 sik1 aa3) Does he/she know........?

Does he/she know how to answer the question during the job interview. We really hope that he can get the job.

佢識唔識㗎? (keoi5 sik1 m4 sik1 gaa3) Does he/she know........?

Does she know how to fix this machine? She knows nothing about this. Maybe we should not let her fix it.


Siuling

Team CantoneseClass101.com

Heather Diver
Wednesday at 2:49 am
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Hello, would you be able to explain the difference between aa3 and gaa3?

Thanks

Heather