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Lesson Transcript

nei5 ho2, ngo5 hai6 Olivia. Hi everybody! I’m Olivia.
Welcome to CantoneseClass101.com’s “saam1 fan1 zung1 gwong2 dung1 waa2”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Cantonese.
In the last three lessons, we learned the main usages of the verb “to be” in Cantonese: hai6 and hai2. And their negative expressions.
In this lesson, we are going to learn the basic usage of the verb jau5, which means “to have”, as well as its negative expression.
Let’s say, if someone asks “do you have a car?”
nei5 jau5 mou5 ce1?
[slowly] nei5 jau5 mou5 ce1?
Let’s take a closer look at this question.
nei5, you should know this now, is “you”.
jau5 mou5, is “to have or not have”
ce1, means “car”
So if you *do* have a car, how can you answer this question?
Just say “jau5”—it could not be more simple!
If you don’t have a car, we don’t say 唔有 like you might expect. Instead, we have a special word which means “not have”: “mou5”. This is the exact opposite of jau5 ”to have”.
[slowly] mou5
So, if someone wants to ask for some change, he’ll ask nei5 jau5 mou5 seoi3 ngan2? which means “Do you have any coins?” in Cantonese.
[slowly] nei5 jau5 mou5 seoi3 ngan2?
To answer, simply use jau5 or mou5 like the above example. Or add some details, like:
ngo5 jau5 go3 ng5 man1 ngan2. “I have a 5 dollar coin.”
Let’s break it down:
ngo5 “I”
jau5 “have”
go3 “(measure word)”
ng5 man1 ngan2 “5 dollar coin”
[J cu]
If you don’t remember about the Cantonese measure words, please check Lesson 9.
Now it’s time for Olivia’s tips
The phrase jau5 mou5 is actually very useful, other than “do you have” questions, it can also be used in other questions like “is there any”, “have you been”, “will there be”, etc.
So keep it in mind and we’ll discuss this phrase again in future lessons.
Get ready for the next lesson because we are going to study a really important part of the Cantonese language: using adjectives.
I'll be waiting for you in the next “saam1 fan1 zung1 gwong2 dung1 waa2”.
Haa6 ci3 gin3!

11 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

CantoneseClass101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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Can you make a sentence using a possession?

CantoneseClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 04:27 PM
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Hello Dany Tran,


Thanks for your question. 😄

硬幣 (ngaang6 bai6) ~ coins

碎銀 (seoi3 ngan2) / 散紙 (saan2 zi2) ~ small change, banknotes of small value or coins


Ada

Team CantoneseClass101.com

Dany Tran
Friday at 07:52 AM
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I want to ask all of them 硬幣 碎銀 散紙 mean coin? Thanks

CantoneseClass101.com Verified
Sunday at 12:50 PM
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Hello Nicks,


Thank you for your question.


你有冇碎銀?

nei5 jau5 mou5 seoi3 ngan2?

"Do you have any coins?"


碎銀 (seoi3 ngan2) ~ small change, small money

碎 (seoi3) - broken, break to pieces

銀 (ngan2) - silver, money


If you say 你有冇銀?(nei5 jau5 mou5 ngan2?), it means "Do you have money?" 😄


Siuling

Team CantoneseClass101.com

Nick
Saturday at 07:06 AM
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Hello,

Just to clarify, does "seoi3" in the phrase "nei5 jau5 mou5 seoi3 ngan2" mean "a whole bunch?" I was just confused on why that is attached to "ngan2." Why can't you say nei5 jau5 mou5 ngan2?

Thanks!

Nick

Cantoneseclass@101.com
Sunday at 11:31 AM
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Hello TONEY,


Thank you so much for your comment. Great to know that you like the speaker device next to the word so the pronunciation can be heard in the lesson. You usually can find the the speaker device next to the word when the lesson provides the "Dialogue" and "Vocabulary" sections like the one below.

https://www.cantoneseclass101.com/2012/02/06/beginner-6-taking-photos-in-hong-kong/#comment-44367


Since this lesson only has Lesson Notes and Lesson Transcript Section, there is no speaker device next to the word feature. We will reflect your advice to the content team and we appreciate so much for your comment and advice that help us improve our lesson.


Thanks for your time and patience again.


Siuling

Team CantoneseClass101.com

TONEY I like it when there are speakers next to the word like in others to hear the pronunciation better
Friday at 04:44 AM
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Sometimes below the video you have a speaker next to the word so the pronunciation can be heard but this lesson doesn't. It's not a huge deal but I do like it when you do.

CantoneseClass101.com Verified
Sunday at 04:14 PM
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Hi Amelia,


In Cantonese "need" is (seoi1 jiu3) or (jiu3) and "want" is (soeng2 jiu3) or (soeng2)


The links listed below give you more detail of the usage of "need" and "want".

https://www.cantoneseclass101.com/learningcenter/reference/dictionary/%E9%9C%80%E8%A6%81


https://www.cantoneseclass101.com/learningcenter/reference/dictionary/%E6%83%B3%E8%A6%81


Team CantoneseClass101.com

Amelia
Sunday at 01:26 AM
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how do you say "need" and "want" ?

CantoneseClass101
Wednesday at 07:19 PM
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Hi Denise,


The measure word for “coins” is 個 (go3), for example: 一個五蚊銀 (jat1 go3 ng5 man1 ngan2) "a $5 coin"


However, if it's a whole bunch of coins in different denominations, we use 碎銀 (seoi3 ngan2), and the measure word becomes 拃 (zaa6) "a group of; a handful of"

一拃碎銀 (jat1 zaa6 seoi3 ngan2) "a handful of coins"


Olivia

Team CantoneseClass101.com

Denise
Tuesday at 06:59 PM
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Sorry! may I ask whether we use the measure word go3 or lap1 before the noun ngan2? the coin seems to be round small object, isn't it?


Thank you.