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Lesson Transcript

Nei5 ho2, ngo5 hai6 Olivia. Hi everybody! I’m Olivia.
Welcome to CantoneseClass101.com’s “saam1 fan1 zung1 gwong2 dung1 waa2”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Cantonese.
In the last two lessons we learned how to go shopping. Did you practice at home?
In this lesson, we're going to learn other useful tips to talk about your schedule - for example, if a friend asks you "What are you doing this weekend?"
Let’s start!
To ask someone "What are you doing this weekend?", you say:
gaam1 go3 lai5 baai6 luk6 jat6 jau5 me1 zou6 aa3?
[slowly] gaam1 go3 lai5 baai6 luk6 jat6 jau5 me1 zou6 aa3?
Let’s break it down.
gaam1 go3 → is "this”
lai5 baai6 luk6 jat6 → is "saturday and sunday".
Literally, “the Saturday and Sunday of this week”
Since it is common to use English words in Cantonese, you can also say gaam1 go3 weekend, which is much easier.
Then jau5 me1 zou6 aa3? → means "anything to do?”
Let’s break it down.
jau5 is “to have”
me1 is “what”
zou6 is “to do”
aa3 is a question particle
altogether we have jau5 me1 zou6 aa3?
[slowly] jau5 me1 zou6 aa3?
What if you’re not asking about this weekend?
Asking about a different time period is as easy as replacing gam1 go3 lai5 baai6 luk6 jat6.
Tomorrow is ting1 jat6. So you can also say ting1 jat6 jau5 me1 zou6 aa3? “What are you doing tomorrow?”
Or, ou could also put in any weekday, like lai5 baai6 jat1 "Monday" or lai5 baai6 ng5, which is "Friday".
lai5 baai6 jat1 jau5 me1 zou6 aa3?
lai5 baai6 ng5 jau5 me1 zou6 aa3?
So now, if someone asks *you* ting1 jat6 jau5 me1 zou6 aa3? or "What are you doing tomorrow?", how can you answer?
Here's an example: ngo5 heoi3 gung1 jyun2. "I'm going to the park."
ngo5 heoi3 means "I go", and gung1 jyun2 means "park". Feel free to replace "park" with any other location!
Now it’s time for Olivia’s Insights.
The phrase jau5 me1 zou6 aa3?, also means "is there anything to do?”
So next time when you’re bored and looking for something to do, try asking your friends:
jau5 me1 zou6 aa3?
In this lesson we learned how to talk about your schedule. Next time we are going to learn how to use the verb hai6 "to be". We'll also talk about how to tell people your nationality.
I'll be waiting for you in the next “saam1 fan1 zung1 gwong2 dung1 waa2”.
Haa6 ci3 gin3!