Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
David: Welcome to CantoneseClass101.com. I’m David.
Gimmy: 大家好, 我係 Gimmy。(daai6 gaa1 hou2, ngo5 hai6 Gimmy.)
David: And we’re here today with Beginner Season 1, Lesson 21.
Gimmy: Going to a Hong Kong Wedding.
David: Right. Our dialogue takes place between two friends, one of whom is getting married.
Gimmy: And so everyone is happy and congratulating him.
David: Right. And our dialogue, of course, features standard Cantonese the way it’s spoken in Hong Kong. Let’s listen.

Lesson conversation

A: 你就嚟結婚,恭喜晒喎。(nei5 zau6 lai4 git3 fan1, gung1 hei2 saai3 wo3.)
B: 多謝晒。(do1 ze6 saai3.)
A: 祝你哋白頭到老。(zuk1 nei5 dei6 baak6 tau4 dou3 lou5.)
B: 你咁老土㗎。(nei5 gam2 lou5 tou2 gaa3.)
David: One more time, a bit slower.
A: 你就嚟結婚,恭喜晒喎。(nei5 zau6 lai4 git3 fan1, gung1 hei2 saai3 wo3.)
B: 多謝晒。(do1 ze6 saai3.)
A: 祝你哋白頭到老。(zuk1 nei5 dei6 baak6 tau4 dou3 lou5.)
B: 你咁老土㗎。(nei5 gam2 lou5 tou2 gaa3.)
David: And now, with the English translation.
A: 你就嚟結婚,恭喜晒喎。(nei5 zau6 lai4 git3 fan1, gung1 hei2 saai3 wo3.)
A: You are getting married soon, congratulations!
B: 多謝晒。(do1 ze6 saai3.)
B: Thank you.
A: 祝你哋白頭到老。(zuk1 nei5 dei6 baak6 tau4 dou3 lou5.)
A: Here's wishing you two grow old together.
B: 你咁老土㗎。(nei5 gam2 lou5 tou2 gaa3.)
B: You are so old-fashioned.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Gimmy: It seems like the person getting married is not very appreciating.
David: It seems like they’re not very happy about it either.
Gimmy: I know. He’s not too excited about.
David: Yeah. Anyway, our vocab list today is filled with words you can use to wish others well.
Gimmy: And get your way through a wedding.
David: Let’s listen.
VOCAB LIST
Gimmy: 結婚 (git3 fan1) [natural native speed].
David: To get married.
Gimmy: 結婚 (git3 fan1) [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 結婚 (git3 fan1) [natural native speed].
Gimmy: 就嚟 (zau6 lai4) [natural native speed].
David: Soon.
Gimmy: 就嚟 (zau6 lai4) [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 就嚟 (zau6 lai4) [natural native speed].
Gimmy: 恭喜 (gung1 hei2) [natural native speed].
David: Congratulations.
Gimmy: 恭喜 (gung1 hei2) [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 恭喜 (gung1 hei2) [natural native speed].
Gimmy: 祝 (zuk1) [natural native speed].
David: To wish.
Gimmy: 祝 (zuk1) [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 祝 (zuk1) [natural native speed].
Gimmy: 生日快樂 (saang1 jat6 faai3 lok6) [natural native speed].
David: Happy birthday.
Gimmy: 生日快樂 (saang1 jat6 faai3 lok6) [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 生日快樂 (saang1 jat6 faai3 lok6) [natural native speed].
Gimmy: 老土 (lou5 tou2) [natural native speed].
David: Old-fashioned.
Gimmy: 老土 (lou5 tou2) [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 老土 (lou5 tou2) [natural native speed].
Gimmy: 咁 (gam3) [natural native speed].
David: So.
Gimmy: 咁 (gam3) [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 咁 (gam3) [natural native speed].
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
David: Let’s take a closer look at some of these words and phrases. The first word is obviously the verb “to get married.”
Gimmy: 結婚. (git3 fan1.)
David: “To get married.”
Gimmy: 結婚. (git3 fan1.)
David: We often hear this together with the words “congratulations”.
Gimmy: 恭喜. (gung1 hei2.)
David: “Congratulations”.
Gimmy: 恭喜. (gung1 hei2.)
David: So if you hear a friend is getting married, it’s very common to say, “You’re getting married. Congratulations!”
Gimmy: 你就嚟結婚,恭喜你。(nei5 zau6 lai2 git3 fan1, gung1 hei2 nei5.)
David: “You’re getting married soon, congratulations.”
Gimmy: 你就嚟結婚,恭喜你。(nei5 zau6 lai2 git3 fan1, gung1 hei2 nei5.)
David: And that’s quite close to the sentence in our dialogue.
Gimmy: Right, 你就嚟結婚,恭喜晒喎。(nei5 zau6 lai2 git3 fan1, gung1 hei2 saai3 wo3.)
David: Right. What does that 晒喎 (saai3 wo3) mean?
Gimmy: That’s just adding more emotion.
David: Right. So congratulations!
Gimmy: Exactly! 恭喜晒喎! (gung1 hei2 saai3 wo3 ! )
David: Congratulations!
Gimmy: 恭喜晒喎! (gung1 hei2 saai3 wo3 !)
David: I’m really excited, so I’m saying…
Gimmy: 恭喜晒喎. (gung1 hei2 saai3 wo3.) And that’s the same as the second line, 多謝晒. (do1 ze6 saai3.)
David: Right, “thank you.”
Gimmy: “Thank you so much.” 多謝晒. (do1 ze6 saai3.)
David: Right. So this vocab is generally useful. We also see something very specific a bit later on.
Gimmy: Yes. 祝你哋白頭到老. (zuk1 nei5 dei6 baak6 tau4 dou3 lou5.)
David: And this is tough to translate into English. The line translates as “wishing you grow old together.”
Gimmy: 祝你哋白頭到老. (zuk1 nei5 dei6 baak6 tau4 dou3 lou5.)
David: And it literally means “white head until old.”
Gimmy: Yeah.
David: So this word and phrase we generally only use with weddings.
Gimmy: Of course.
David: Right? If someone’s not getting married, they’re not growing old together.
Gimmy: Of course.
David: However, that first word, we will run into very often.
Gimmy: 祝. (zuk1.)
David: “To wish.”
Gimmy: 祝. (zuk1.)
David: As in “wishing you happy birthday.”
Gimmy: 祝你生日快樂. (zuk1 nei5 saang1 jat6 faai3 lok6.)
David: “Wishing you Merry Christmas.”
Gimmy: 祝你聖誕快樂. (zuk1 nei5 sing3 daan3 faai3 lok6.)
David: Right. In our grammar section, we’re going to take a closer look at this word and other ways of wishing people well.

Lesson focus

David: Gimmy, what’s our grammar focus today?
Gimmy: We’re learning how to congratulate people.
David: Right. In our dialogue, we heard this in the following line.
Gimmy: 祝你哋白頭到老. (zuk1 nei5 dei6 baak6 tau4 dou3 lou5.)
David: “Wishing you grow old together.”
Gimmy: 祝你哋白頭到老. (zuk1 nei5 dei6 baak6 tau4 dou3 lou5.)
David: The most important of that sentence is the first two characters.
Gimmy: 祝你. (zuk1 nei5.)
David: “Wishing you.”
Gimmy: 祝你. (zuk1 nei5.)
David: The subject of this sentence is “I” and it’s assumed. “I wish you…”
Gimmy: 我祝你. (ngo5 zuk1 nei5.)
David: But because this is colloquial Cantonese, we don’t need to say that. We can just say “wishing you.”
Gimmy: Yes, 祝你. (zuk1 nei5.)
David: “Wishing you happiness.”
Gimmy: 祝你快樂. (zuk1 nei5 faai3 lok6.)
David: “Wishing you happiness.”
Gimmy: 祝你快樂. (zuk1 nei5 faai3 lok6.)
David: “Wishing you happy birthday.”
Gimmy: 祝你生日快樂. (zuk1 nei5 saang1 jat6 faai3 lok6.)
David: “Wishing you a happy birthday.”
Gimmy: 祝你生日快樂. (zuk1 nei5 saang1 jat6 faai3 lok6.)
David: And of course, we can also use this holidays.
Gimmy: Yes.
David: You can say, “Merry Christmas.”
Gimmy: 祝你聖誕快樂. (zuk1 nei5 sing3 daan3 faai3 lok6.)
David: “Wishing you Happy New Year!”
Gimmy: 祝你新年快樂. (zuk1 nei5 san1 nin4 faai3 lok6.)
David: Or maybe, “Wishing you Happy Chinese New Year!”
Gimmy: 祝你農曆新年快樂. (zuk1 nei5 nung4 lik6 san1 nin4 faai3 lok6.)
David: So this is a really easy sentence structure. Just put…
Gimmy: 祝你. (zuk1 nei5.)
David: …at the start of your sentence and follow it by what you’re wishing people.
Gimmy: Right.
David: “Happy birthday.”
Gimmy: 祝你生日快樂 (zuk1 nei5 saang1 jat6 faai3 lok6)
David: “Merry Christmas.”
Gimmy: 祝你聖誕快樂. (zuk1 nei5 sing3 daan3 faai3 lok6.)
David: “Wishing you a happy marriage.”
Gimmy: 祝你白頭到老. (zuk1 nei5 baak6 tau4 dou3 lou5.)

Outro

David: That being said though, we’re out of time for today.
Gimmy: 多謝收聽. (do1 ze6 sau1 teng1.)
David: I’m David.
Gimmy: 我係 (ngo5 hai6) Gimmy.
David: Thanks a lot for listening and we’ll see you on the site.
Gimmy: 下次見. (haa6 ci3 gin3.)

15 Comments

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CantoneseClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Have you ever been to a Hong Kong wedding?

CantoneseClass101.com Verified
Sunday at 07:08 PM
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Hello robert groulx,


You are very welcome. 😇

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

Good luck with your language studies.


Kind regards,

利凡特

Team CantoneseClass101.com

robert groulx
Saturday at 11:30 PM
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thank you for the lesson


my favorite phrase is 祝你新年快樂.


robert

CantoneseClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 01:34 AM
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Hello Tom,


Thank you for your question.


晒(saai3) ~ entirely, very much

喎(wo3) ~ a final particle connoting a sense of surprise


Siuling

Team CantoneseClass101.com

CantoneseClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 12:08 AM
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Hello Tom,


冇(mou5)~ don`t have (colloquial expression)

沒有(mut6 jau5) ~ do not have (written form)


Siuling

Team CantoneseClass101.com


Tom
Saturday at 08:03 AM
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Could you explain more about 晒喎 (saai3 wo3)?


晒 (saai3)= "shine on/bask in sunshine"

喎 (wo3) Is this an intensifier final particle? How's it relate to 喎 (wai1)?


Thanks-in-advance (I know it's an obscure question).

Very useful lesson.

Tom
Tuesday at 07:05 AM
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To the question "Been to a HK wedding?"


If the answer is 'have not'...


Shouldn't the Cantonese response be:


无(mou4) and not 没邮 (mei you) (Mandarin)


Thanks-in-advance, Tom

CantoneseClass101.com Verified
Friday at 04:04 PM
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Hi Maozhi,


Thank you for posting!

We are glad to hear that you are enjoying our site :heart::wink:

Let us know if you have questions.


Cheers,

Laura

Team CantoneseClass101.com

Maozhi
Saturday at 11:12 PM
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Great site! learned a lot

CantoneseClass101
Thursday at 08:07 PM
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Hi JMD,


No worries! Feel free to ask if you have any other questions! :smile:


Olivia

Team CantoneseClass101.com

JMD
Wednesday at 01:31 PM
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Thanks. Sorry about that.