Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Intro

Hi, everybody! Olivia here. Welcome to Ask a Teacher, where I’ll answer some of your most common Cantonese questions.
The Question
The question for this lesson is: What are some common loanwords?
Explanation
Since Hong Kong was a British colony before 1997, lots of English words were adopted and modified into Cantonese words and are widely used nowadays in Hong Kong.
Let's get into more details.
Most of the loanwords are from English because Hong Kong was a colony of England before 1997. Even after the handover of 1997, English is still the official language besides Chinese under the Hong Kong Basic Law.
So are most loanwords applicable in other Cantonese speaking regions?
Most loanwords are only commonly used in Hong Kong and are not applicable in other Cantonese speaking regions. For example 巴士 (baa1 si2) is the loanword from "bus" in Hong Kong, but people call the bus 公車 (gung1 ce1) and 公交車 (gung1 gaau1 ce1) in Taiwan and mainland China respectively.
Another example of loanwords is from the menu: 吉列(gat1 lit6) which means "cutlet".
Besides English, some of the loanwords are from Japanese, too.
奸爸爹(gaan1 baa1 de1) comes from がんばって(ganbatte) and, as in Japanese, it is commonly used to encourage people to do their best.
烏冬(wu1 dung1), meaning "udon noodle," is also a common loanword from Japanese.

Outro

How was it? Pretty interesting right?
Do you have any more questions? Leave them in the comments below and I’ll try to answer them!
"See you next time!", 下次見! (haa6 ci3 gin3!)

3 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

CantoneseClass101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

What Cantonese learning question do you have?

CantoneseClass101.com Verified
Monday at 04:05 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello ying,


Thanks for your question.😄

For example,

人氣 (jan4 hei3) ~ hot/popular

放題 (fong3 tai4) ~ all-you-can-eat

拖羅 (to1 lo4) ~ Toro


Ada

Team CantoneseClass101.com

ying
Saturday at 09:11 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi! I'm curious what other loan words from the Japanese language are in Cantonese?