Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Intro

Nicole: 大家好 (daai6 gaa1 hou2)! I'm Nicole. Welcome to CantoneseClass101.com.
Matt: Matt here! Welcome back to our Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 6 In this lesson you will learn how to be graceful in victory, over beer that is.
Nicole: This conversation takes place in a bar.
Matt: And it's between our waitress and her customer. He gets his beer and life is good.
Nicole: And we're speaking casual Cantonese as usual.
Matt: Okay, Nicole, let's take a listen to the dialogue.

Lesson conversation

你好。(nei5 hou2.)
你好。(nei5 hou2.)
你嘅啤酒。(nei5 ge3 be1 zau2.)
唔該。(m4 goi1.)
唔使客氣。(nei5 ge3 be1 zau2.)
English Host: One more time, a bit slower.
你好。(nei5 hou2.)
你好。(nei5 hou2.)
你嘅啤酒。(nei5 ge3 be1 zau2.)
唔該。(m4 goi1.)
唔使客氣。(nei5 ge3 be1 zau2.)
English Host: And now with the English translation.
你好。(nei5 hou2.)
Matt: Hello.
你好。(nei5 hou2.)
Matt: Hello.
你嘅啤酒。(nei5 ge3 be1 zau2.)
Matt: Here's your beer.
唔該。(m4 goi1.)
Matt: Thanks.
唔使客氣。(nei5 ge3 be1 zau2.)
Matt: You're welcome.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Matt: Okay. I'm glad he finally got his beer. I was worried there for a minute.
Nicole: Yup. It took long enough though.
Matt: Maybe it's because he didn't call her 靚女 (leng3 neoi5).
Nicole: I told you. Call a girl 靚女 (leng3 neoi5) and she'll love it.
Matt: Hey, who wouldn't love it?
Nicole: Exactly. Like 靚女 (leng3 neoi5),啤酒唔該 (be1 zau2 m4 goi1).
Matt: Hey, pretty girl, can I have a beer please? Yeah, he definitely should have said that.
Nicole: He would have had his beer in one minute, tops.
Matt: Anyway, our lesson today is about the possessive.
Nicole: It's more interesting than it sounds. I promise. We promise.
VOCAB LIST
Matt: Okay. Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson. Our first word is:
Nicole: 嘅 (ge3) [natural native speed]
Matt: Which is a possessive particle.
Nicole: 嘅 (ge3) [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 嘅 (ge3) [natural native speed]
Matt: And next, we have.
Nicole: 你嘅 (nei5 ge3) [natural native speed]
Matt: Your or yours.
Nicole: 你嘅 (nei5 ge3) [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 你嘅 (nei5 ge3) [natural native speed]
Matt: Followed by.
Nicole: 唔使客氣 (m4 sai2 haak3 hei3) [natural native speed]
Matt: You're welcome.
Nicole: 唔使客氣 (m4 sai2 haak3 hei3) [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 唔使客氣 (m4 sai2 haak3 hei3) [natural native speed]
Matt: Next, we have.
Nicole: 唔該 (m4 goi1) [natural native speed]
Matt: Please; thank you or excuse me.
Nicole: 唔該 (m4 goi1) [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 唔該 (m4 goi1) [natural native speed]
Matt: Next, we have.
Nicole: 唔該晒 (m4 goi1 saai3) [natural native speed]
Matt: Thank you very much.
Nicole: 唔該晒 (m4 goi1 saai3) [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 唔該晒 (m4 goi1 saai3) [natural native speed]
Matt: Next, we have.
Nicole: 啤酒 (be1 zau2) [natural native speed]
Matt: Beer.
Nicole: 啤酒 (be1 zau2) [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 啤酒 (be1 zau2) [natural native speed]
Matt: All right, Nicole, let's talk a little bit about pronouns now.
Nicole: 佢 (keoi5) [natural native speed]
Matt: Which can mean he, she or it.
Nicole: 佢 (keoi5) [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 佢 (keoi5) [natural native speed]
Matt: Next, we have.
Nicole: 我哋 (ngo5 dei6) [natural native speed]
Matt: We.
Nicole: 我哋 (ngo5 dei6) [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 我哋 (ngo5 dei6) [natural native speed]
Matt: Next, we have a plural form.
Nicole: 你哋 (nei5 dei6) [natural native speed]
Matt: You (in the plural sense).
Nicole: 你哋 (nei5 dei6) [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 你哋 (nei5 dei6) [natural native speed]
Matt: Last, we have.
Nicole: 佢哋 (keoi5 dei6) [natural native speed]
Matt: They.
Nicole: 佢哋 (keoi5 dei6) [slowly - broken down by syllable]. 佢哋 (keoi5 dei6) [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Matt: All right, great. Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Nicole: Sure. The first phrase is 嘅 (ge3)
Matt: Good. Now, this is a possessive particle.
Nicole: 嘅 (ge3)
Matt: So in the dialogue we had heard…
Nicole: 你嘅… (nei5 ge3)
Matt: … which means your.
Nicole: 你嘅 (nei5 ge3)
Matt: If we break that down, the first sound is?
Nicole: 你 (nei5)
Matt: Which is you.
Nicole: 嘅 (ge3)
Matt: Followed by the possessive word. Before we talk about this possessive word however, let's review some of the pronouns that we just learned.
Nicole: Sure. 我 (nei5)
Matt: I.
Nicole: 佢 (keoi5).
Matt: He, she or it, a third person pronoun.
Nicole: That's a new word, 佢 (keoi5).
Matt: He, she or it. Now, what if we make that plural, Nicole?
Nicole: That's really easy. We have a plural suffix which is 哋 (dei6) So we put the suffix 哋 (dei6) to the end.
Matt: Okay. Now for this section on plural suffixes, Nicole will say the Cantonese form and I will translate it. So let's start with that, Nicole?
Nicole: Okay. The first word 我哋 (ngo5 dei6).
Matt: We.
Nicole: Again, 我哋 (ngo5 dei6).
Matt: We.
Nicole: 佢哋 (keoi5 dei6).
Matt: They.
Nicole: 佢哋 (keoi5 dei6).
Matt: They.
Nicole: 你哋 (nei5 dei6).
Matt: You, but in the plural sense.
Nicole: Right, 你哋 (nei5 dei6).
Matt: You, like you guys.
Nicole: Right.

Lesson focus

Matt: Now, for this, we've got a little trick for you. When you see two characters like that, it means that it's plural, more than one. So more than one is plural or two characters also means it's plural.
Nicole: Yeah, that's a good trick. Two sounds plural, one sound singular.
Matt: All right, Nicole, let's go back and review what we've just learned.
Nicole: Okay, six pronouns. I'll say the Cantonese and you say the English.
Matt: All right.
Nicole: 我 (ngo5)
Matt: I.
Nicole: 你 (nei5)
Matt: You.
Nicole: 佢 (keoi5).
Matt: It, he or she.
Nicole: Now, the plural forms. 我哋 (ngo5 dei6)
Matt: We.
Nicole: 你哋 (nei5 dei6).
Matt: You.
Nicole: 佢哋 (keoi5 dei6).
Matt: They.
Nicole: That's right.
Matt: So in the dialogue we heard 靚女 (leng3 neoi5) brings the guy a 啤酒 (be1 zau2) and says?
Nicole: 你嘅啤酒 (nei5 ge3 be1 zau2).
Matt: Your beer.
Nicole: Right, 你嘅啤酒 (nei5 ge3 be1 zau2).
Matt: This is your beer.
Nicole: 你嘅 (nei5 ge3)
Matt: Your.
Nicole: 你嘅 (nei5 ge3)
Matt: Your.
Nicole: 啤酒 (be1 zau2)
Matt: Beer.
Nicole: 你嘅啤酒 (nei5 ge3 be1 zau2).
Matt: This is your beer.
Nicole: Right.
Matt: So, to express possession in Cantonese, we say the person who has something and then add 嘅 (ge3)
Nicole: This 嘅 (ge3) is a particle we use to show ownership.
Matt: Like your.
Nicole: 你嘅 (nei5 ge3)
Matt: My
Nicole: 我嘅 (ngo5 ge3)
Matt: His.
Nicole: 佢嘅 (keoi5 ge3)
Matt: Hers.
Nicole: 佢嘅 (keoi5 ge3)
Matt: It.
Nicole: 佢嘅 (keoi5 ge3)
Matt: Ours.
Nicole: 我哋嘅 (ngo5 dei6 ge3)
Matt: Yours.
Nicole: 你哋嘅 (nei5 dei6 ge3)
Matt: Theirs.
Nicole: 佢哋嘅 (keoi5 dei6 ge3)
Matt: All right, so pretty easy so far. And then we add our object after that.
Nicole: Right, like 我嘅水 (ngo5 ge3 seoi2).
Matt: My water.
Nicole: 佢哋嘅朋友 (keoi5 dei6 ge3 pang4 jau5).
Matt: Their friends。
Nicole: That's right. The word order is always the owner plus ge and the owned, so it's pretty easy to express this ownership or possession.
Matt: Okay, Nicole. Now, when speaking about family members, we're going to drop the 嘅(ge3) for possession. So, let's give our listeners some examples of that. How would we say my mother?
Nicole: So instead of saying 我嘅媽媽 (ngo5 ge3 maa4 maa1), we say 我媽媽 (ngo5 maa4 maa1).
Matt: And what about for his father?
Nicole: 佢爸爸 (keoi5 baa4 baa1).
Matt: Okay, now this one is a little tricky, what about my girlfriend, do we still drop the 嘅? (ge3)
Nicole: I think so. 我女朋友 (ngo5 neoi5 pang4 jau5) We drop the 嘅 (ge3) in there because boyfriend and girlfriend are quite close.

Outro

Matt: Okay. Well that just about does it for today.
Matt: We've learned six pronouns and how to show possession.
Nicole: That's right.
Matt: Now, some of our listeners may have some ideas or suggestions for the content of upcoming classes. Remember that you can leave us a comment on this lesson or any ideas you may have.
Nicole: Yeah. So if you have a question or some feedback, please, please, please leave us a comment.
Matt: It's very easy to do as well. Just stop by CantoneseClass101.com.
Nicole: Click on comment.
Matt: Enter your comment and your name.
Nicole: And that's it.
Matt: So you have no excuses. We're looking forward to hearing from you.
Nicole: Thank you for tuning in. I'm Nicole.
Matt: And I am Matt. Bye.
Nicole: Bye.

Grammar

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59 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.

CantoneseClass101.com
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
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Hi CantoneseClass101 Listeners! How much do you tip?

cantoneseclass101.com
Sunday at 9:53 am
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Hello Nick,


Thank you for your encouragement and glad to know that you like the lesson.

I understand how you feel when you do not know the vocabulary and someone is speaking too fast.

I think you have been doing so good because you know the best way of practicing Cantonese by talking with your girlfriend`s mom and grandmother.👍👍

So don't be afraid, just keep talking. You will improve!

Nick
Friday at 12:31 pm
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All of these are really great lessons! Thank you so much for putting in the time. What do you think is the best way to get all of these lessons to sink in? I find that talking and actually using it can be good (I sometimes speak with my girlfriend's mom or grandmother who both speak Cantonese) but I always feel overwhelmed because either I don't know a vocab word they are saying or they are going too fast. It gets me discouraged.

Cantoneseclass@101.com
Saturday at 11:49 am
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Hello Vincent,


佢哋嘅事你唔好理。

keoi5 dei6 ge3 si6 nei5 m4 hou2 lei5。

Stay away from their business.


唔好(m4 hou2)~ do not,

理(lei)~take care of it, manage


Siuling

Team CantoneseClass101.com

Vincent
Friday at 11:46 pm
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What does "lei5" mean in the vocabulary sentence for "they?" ("keoi5 dei6 ge3 si6 nei5 m4 hou2 lei5. Stay away from their business.") Thank you?

Cantoneseclass@101.com
Sunday at 10:07 am
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Hello Tara,


Thank you for your question.


嘅(ge3) besides being used as a possessive word, it can be put at the end of the sentence like the final particle.

{好嘅(hou2 ge3)~ fine, alright} is similar to the Mandarin 好的!

{係嘅(hai6 ge3) ~yes, alright, OK} is similar to the Mandarin 是的!


Siuling

Team CantoneseClass101.com

Tara
Tuesday at 11:22 pm
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Correct to my post below, i meant to put 好嘅, not 你嘅

Tara
Tuesday at 11:18 pm
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你好,

In Cantonese, is the possessive particle also a subordinating particle as in Mandarin. Are phrases such as 你嘅 a thing in Cantonese?

多謝

,

Tara

Cantoneseclass101.comVerified
Sunday at 9:04 am
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Hello Cristina,


You can go to the Dashboard by clicking the the Dashboard icon on the top of this page. The Dashboard helps you start learning Cantonese, guides you through our lessons, and tracks your learning progress.

After you've finished your first lesson, check the "Mark Lesson Complete" box. The Dashboard will record and update your progress bar for that lesson's series. Once you've completed a series, the next series of a higher difficulty will be added to My Courses and the first lesson will appear under the Lesson Recommendation List. You can review the completed Series by pressing the Review button. For more information, you may want to check out the "How to Use the Dashboard Link" below.


How to Use the Dashboard Link

https://www.cantoneseclass101.com/helpcenter/getstarted/dashboard


Siuling

Team CantoneseClass101.com

Cristina
Saturday at 8:55 am
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Hi! With the new interface, how do I choose the review track?

Cantoneseclass101.comVerified
Sunday at 9:18 am
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Hello Daniel,


Thank you for your question.


You are right that 我哋(ngo5 dei6) and 我們(ngo5 mun4) mean "we".

我們(ngo5 mun4) is used in Mandarin and standard written Cantonese. You will find this usage very common in the news article, written notice, research article, poster, instruction menu or pamphlet, etc.


我哋(ngo5 dei6) is used in colloquial or conversational Cantonese. You may feel 我哋(ngo5 dei6) is more commonly used because you hear it a lot but actually it depends on your preference of learning conversational Cantonese or written form Cantonese.


Siuling

Team CantoneseClass101.com