Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Introduction
Eric: Welcome to 3-Minute Cantonese Season 1, Lesson 9 - Using Adjectives. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to use adjectives in simple sentences in Cantonese.
Body
Eric: To start off, we will learn how to say 'It's very hot today.' in Cantonese.
Olivia: [Normal] 今日好熱。(gam1 jat6 hou2 jit6)
Eric: First is a noun meaning 'today'
Olivia: [Normal] 今日 [Slow] 今日 (gam1 jat6)
Eric: Next is the adjective meaning 'very'
Olivia: [Normal] 好 [Slow] 好(hou2)
Eric: Last is the noun meaning 'hot'
Olivia: [Normal] 熱 [Slow] 熱(jit6)
Eric: Listen again to the phrase meaning 'It's very hot today.'
Olivia: [Slow] 今日好熱。 [Normal] 今日好熱。(gam1 jat6 hou2 jit6)
Eric: Ok, now let's see how to say 'I’m very hungry.'
Olivia: [Normal] 我好肚餓。(ngo5 hou2 tou5 ngo6)
Eric: First is a pronoun meaning 'I'
Olivia: [Normal] 我 [Slow] 我 (ngo5)
Eric: Next is the adjective meaning 'very'
Olivia: [Normal] 好 [Slow] 好(hou2)
Eric: Next is the noun meaning 'belly'
Olivia: [Normal] 肚 [Slow] 肚(tou5)
Eric: Last is the adjective meaning 'hungry'
Olivia: [Normal] 餓 [Slow] 餓(ngo6)
Eric: Listen again to the phrase meaning 'I’m very hungry.'
Olivia: [Slow] 我好肚餓。 [Normal] 我好肚餓。(ngo5 hou2 tou5 ngo6)
Eric: Next is the way to say 'It was cold yesterday.'
Olivia: [Normal] 尋日好凍(cam4 jat6 hou2 dung3)
Eric: First is a noun meaning 'yesterday'
Olivia: [Normal] 尋日 [Slow] 尋日(cam4 jat6)
Eric: Next is the adverb meaning 'very'
Olivia: [Normal] 好 [Slow] 好(hou2)
Eric: Last is the adjective meaning 'cold'
Olivia: [Normal] 凍 [Slow] 凍(dung3)
Eric: Listen again to the phrase meaning 'It was cold yesterday.'
Olivia: [Slow] 尋日好凍 [Normal] 尋日好凍(cam4 jat6 hou2 dung3)
Eric: Finally we have the way to say 'You’re all very happy.'
Olivia: [Normal] 你哋好開心。(nei5 dei6 hou2 hoi1 sam1)
Eric: First is a pronoun meaning 'You’ plural.
Olivia: [Normal] 你哋 [Slow] 你哋(nei5 dei6)
Eric: Next is the adverb meaning 'very'
Olivia: [Normal] 好 [Slow] 好(hou2)
Eric: Last is the adjective meaning 'happy'
Olivia: [Normal] 開心 [Slow] 開心(hoi1 sam1)
Eric: Listen again to the phrase meaning 'You’re all very happy.'
Olivia: [Slow] 你哋好開心。 [Normal] 你哋好開心。(nei5 dei6 hou2 hoi1 sam1)
Cultural Insight
Eric: Now it's time for a quick cultural insight.
Olivia: If you want to say something in an exaggerated way, just say the adverb 好 (hou2), meaning “very” and draw it out, or use the word 超 (ciu1) meaning “super” before an adjective. For example, hoooou2 jit6, or ciu1 jit6, both mean “really hot.” Similarly, hoooou2 leng3, or ciu1 leng3, both mean ”really beautiful."

Outro

Eric: And that’s all for this lesson. Don’t forget to check out the lesson notes, and we’ll see you in the next lesson!
Olivia: 拜拜! (baai1 baai3)

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Hi Listeners! Let's practice these adjectives in the comments!