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Lesson Transcript

Introduction
Eric: Welcome to 3-Minute Cantonese Season 1, Lesson 8 - Talking About Your Age. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to ask someone's age and to say yours in Cantonese.
Body
Eric: Here's the informal way to ask 'How old are you?' in Cantonese.
Olivia: [Normal] 你幾多歲呀?(nei5 gei2 do1 seoi3 aa3)
Eric: First is a pronoun meaning 'You'
Olivia: [Normal] 你 [Slow] 你 (nei5)
Eric: Next is the phrase meaning 'how many'
Olivia: [Normal] 幾多 [Slow] 幾多( gei2 do1)
Eric: Next is the noun meaning 'years old'
Olivia: [Normal] 歲 [Slow] 歲(seoi3)
Eric: Last is the final particle for questions.
Olivia: [Normal] 呀 [Slow] 呀(aa3)
Eric: Listen again to the informal question meaning 'How old are you?'
Olivia: [Slow] 你幾多歲呀? [Normal] 你幾多歲呀? (nei5 gei2 do1 seoi3 aa3)
Eric: Now, imagine you're speaking to a stranger, who is elderly. Here's the formal way to ask, 'How old are you?'
Olivia: [Normal] 你貴庚呀?(nei5 gwai3 gang1 aa3)
Eric: First is a pronoun meaning 'You'
Olivia: [Normal] 你 [Slow] 你 (nei5)
Eric: Next is the adjective meaning 'honorable’ or ‘respectful'
Olivia: [Normal] 貴 [Slow] 貴(gwai3)
Eric: Next is the word meaning 'age’
Olivia: [Normal] 庚 [Slow] 庚(gang1)
Eric: Last is the final particle.
Olivia: [Normal] 呀 [Slow] 呀(aa3)
Eric: Listen again to the formal question meaning 'How old are you?'
Olivia: [Slow] 你貴庚呀? [Normal] 你貴庚呀? (nei5 gwai3 gang1 aa3)
Eric: Here's a response meaning 'I’m 17.'
Olivia: [Normal] 我十七歲。(ngo5 sap6 cat1 seoi3)
Eric: First is a pronoun meaning 'I'
Olivia: [Normal] 我 [Slow] 我(ngo5)
Eric: Next is the number 'ten'
Olivia: [Normal] 十 [Slow] 十(sap6)
Eric: Next is the number 'seven'
Olivia: [Normal] 七 [Slow] 七(cat1)
Eric: Last is the noun for ’years old’
Olivia: [Normal] 歲 [Slow] 歲(seoi3)
Eric: Listen again to the response, 'I am 17.'
Olivia: [Slow] 我十七歲。 [Normal] 我十七歲。(ngo5 sap6 cat1 seoi3)
Eric: Here's a response meaning, 'I prefer not to say.'
Olivia: [Normal] 我唔想講。(ngo5 m4 soeng2 gong2)
Eric: First is a pronoun meaning 'I'
Olivia: [Normal] 我 [Slow] 我(ngo5)
Eric: Next is the adverb meaning 'not'
Olivia: [Normal] 唔 [Slow] 唔(m4)
Eric: Next is the verb meaning 'to want'
Olivia: [Normal] 想 [Slow] 想(soeng2)
Eric: Last is the verb meaning 'to say’ or ‘to speak'
Olivia: [Normal] 講 [Slow] 講(gong2)
Eric: Listen again to the response meaning 'I prefer not to say.'
Olivia: [Slow] 我唔想講。 [Normal] 我唔想講。(ngo5 m4 soeng2 gong2)
Cultural Insight
Eric: Now it's time for a quick cultural insight.
Olivia: For numbers between 21 and 29, you might hear people using 廿 (jaa6) to mean 20 something, instead of 二十 (ji6 sap6). Both can be used in spoken Cantonese.
For example, 21 in Cantonese can be either 廿一 (jaa6 jat1) or 二十一 (ji6 sap6 jat1). Similarly, 27 could be either 廿七 (jaa6 cat1) or 二十七 (ji6 sap6 cat1).

Outro

Eric: And that’s all for this lesson. Don’t forget to check out the lesson notes, and we’ll see you in the next lesson!
Olivia: 拜拜! (baai1 baai3)

9 Comments

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CantoneseClass101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Hi Listeners! How old are you?

CantoneseClass101.comVerified
Tuesday at 10:26 pm
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Hi Scott,


You're welcome!


Should you have any questions, please let us know.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team CantoneseClass101.com

Scott
Tuesday at 12:53 pm
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Thanks, Cristiane. That's very helpful.

Scott

CantoneseClass101.comVerified
Sunday at 12:46 am
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Hi Scott,


Thank you for posting.


Regarding writing, please check out our video lesson "Introduction to Cantonese Writing":

https://www.cantoneseclass101.com/lesson/introduction-to-cantonese-4-introduction-to-cantonese-writing/?lp=51


There are also support materials for writing Cantonese:

https://www.cantoneseclass101.com/spoken-written-cantonese/

https://www.cantoneseclass101.com/chinese-characters/

https://www.cantoneseclass101.com/basic-rules-of-stroke-order/

https://www.cantoneseclass101.com/chinese-radicals/


As for reading, please check out our reading related series. They also have the script in Jyutping:

https://www.cantoneseclass101.com/lesson-library/cantonese-reading-comprehension-for-absolute-beginners/

https://www.cantoneseclass101.com/lesson-library/extensive-reading-in-cantonese-for-absolute-beginners/


And here's our Absolute Beginner listening series:

https://www.cantoneseclass101.com/lesson-library/cantonese-listening-comprehension-for-absolute-beginners/


Regarding the quiz, at the moment, it's only possible to alter the settings to:

English > the writing questions tab will require you to type in the Cantonese equivalent.

Cantonese > the writing questions tab will require you to type in the English equivalent


Hope this helps! In case of any questions, please feel free to contact us.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team CantoneseClass101.com



Scott
Saturday at 11:53 am
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Hi. I'm enjoying using your website and my Cantonese is improving. However, I tend to just use the videos and the flashcards quizzes. I was an English teacher for many years and did a master's degree in applied linguistics and TESOL, and my dissertation was about the benefits of extensive reading/listening. Research shows that reading and listening to easy texts (slightly below your current level) is probably the most efficient way to learn a language. I see you have an extensive reading section, which is a great idea, but I find it hard to use because I have not learned the Chinese characters yet, and am still using Jyutping. So I have four questions:


1) How can I use the website to start learning to read/write the Chinese characters?

2) Would it be possible to add some extensive reading texts in Jyutping? (I know it's not authentic, but it would still help a lot to read the vocab and grammar structures in context).

3) Would it be possible to add some extensive listening texts? (The reading comprehensions are good but they are too difficult for me as a beginner and don't seem to be based on the vocab that I've learned from the website).

4) The lesson quizzes look useful but they only test knowledge of the Chinese characters so I can't use them yet. Would it be possible to add Jyutping to them? Or is there a setting to change them to Jyutping that I have missed?


Anyway - these are just suggestions - and overall I think your website is very useful. m4 goi1 saai3!

CantoneseClass101
Thursday at 5:50 pm
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Hi Jimmy Lee,


Thank you for pointing out the mistake, we've fixed them now :sweat_smile:


The adverb 寧願 (ning4 jyun2) means "would rather; would prefer to"


Keep up the good work! :thumbsup:


Olivia

Team CantoneseClass101.com

Jimmy Lee
Thursday at 2:44 am
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Line-By-Line audio clearly says 我唔想講(ngo5 m4 soeng2 gong2) but Jyutping translation says


ngo5 ning6 yun2 m4 gong2. Transcript, however, says it correctly ngo5 m4 soeng2 gong2.


What does "ning6 yun2 " means and how is it written?

CantoneseClass101
Tuesday at 4:54 pm
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Hi Danilo B,


Here are some more examples of speaking with respect using 貴 (gwai3):

貴姓 (gwai3 sing3) "your last name"

貴公司 (gwai3 gung1 si1) "your company"

And when you talk to someone respectfully about their family members, you can use 令 (ling6) like following:

令公子 (ling6 gung1 zi2) "your son"

令千金 (ling6 cin1 gam1) "your daughter"

令尊 (ling6 zyun1) "your father"

令堂 (ling6 tong2) "your mother"


Olivia

Team CantoneseClass101.com

Danilo B
Tuesday at 5:01 am
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Are there more examples on how to speak with respect to an elder?


More 貴 cultural insight please!