Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hello and welcome to the Lower Beginner series at CantoneseClass101.com. This is Season 1, Lesson 20, A Cantopop Idol in the Making. I’m Eric.
Teddy: 大家好!(daai6 gaa1 hou2!) I’m Teddy!
Eric: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to use possessive words.
Teddy: The conversation takes place on the street.
Eric: It’s between two friends, Jane and Wendy.
Teddy: And as usual, the speakers will be using casual Cantonese.
Eric: Let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Wendy: 做歌星係我嘅夢想。(zou6 go1 sing1 hai6 ngo5 ge3 mung6 soeng2)
Jane: 係?未聽過你唱歌喎。(hai6? mei6 teng1 gwo3 nei5 coeng3 go1 wo3)
Wendy: 咁一陣去唱K啦!(gam2 jat1 zan6 heoi3 coeng3 K laa1!)
Jane: 好呀。帶你去我嘅至愛K場。(hou2 aa3. daai3 nei5 heoi3 ngo5 ge3 zi3 oi3 K coeng4)
Eric: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Wendy: 做歌星係我嘅夢想。(zou6 go1 sing1 hai6 ngo5 ge3 mung6 soeng2)
Jane: 係?未聽過你唱歌喎。(hai6? mei6 teng1 gwo3 nei5 coeng3 go1 wo3)
Wendy: 咁一陣去唱K啦!(gam2 jat1 zan6 heoi3 coeng3 K laa1!)
Jane: 好呀。帶你去我嘅至愛K場。(hou2 aa3. daai3 nei5 heoi3 ngo5 ge3 zi3 oi3 K coeng4)
Eric: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Wendy: 做歌星係我嘅夢想。(zou6 go1 sing1 hai6 ngo5 ge3 mung6 soeng2)
Eric: My dream is to be a singer.
Jane: 係?未聽過你唱歌喎。(hai6? mei6 teng1 gwo3 nei5 coeng3 go1 wo3)
Eric: Really? I’ve never heard you sing before.
Wendy: 咁一陣去唱K啦!(gam2 jat1 zan6 heoi3 coeng3 K laa1!)
Eric: Then let's go sing karaoke later!
Jane: 好呀。帶你去我嘅至愛K場。(hou2 aa3. daai3 nei5 heoi3 ngo5 ge3 zi3 oi3 K coeng4)
Eric: Okay. I'll bring you to my favorite karaoke bar.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Eric: What kinds of songs are usually played on the radio in Hong Kong?
Teddy: Nowadays, both Cantonese and Mandarin songs are popular. English songs are a major part of the music industry too, but they’re mostly imported from the United States and Europe.
Eric: Do many local singers sing in Cantonese and Mandarin?
Teddy: Hong Kong singers need to know Mandarin since mainland China is now a major market. They may perform in different Chinese provinces and need to learn a few Mandarin songs.
Eric: Do most people in mainland China understand Cantonese songs too?
Teddy: Well, that’s very interesting. Many people in mainland China listen to Cantonese popular music even though they don’t understand the language.
Eric: Why is that?
Teddy: Perhaps because of popular Hong Kong TV dramas. Although the scripts have been translated and voiced over in Mandarin, the theme songs remain in Cantonese. That makes the Hong Kong singers famous in mainland China.
Eric: Really? That’s interesting to know. Listeners, have you ever watched a Hong Kong TV drama? Let us know in the comments! Now let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
VOCAB LIST
The first word we shall see is:
歌星 (go1 sing1) [natural native speed]
singer
歌星 (go1 sing1) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
歌星 (go1 sing1) [natural native speed]
Next:
夢想 (mung6 soeng2) [natural native speed]
dream
夢想 (mung6 soeng2) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
夢想 (mung6 soeng2) [natural native speed]
Next:
未 (mei6) [natural native speed]
yet, never
未 (mei6) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
未 (mei6) [natural native speed]
Next:
聽 (teng1) [natural native speed]
to listen
聽 (teng1) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
聽 (teng1) [natural native speed]
Next:
一陣 (jat1 zan6) [natural native speed]
later, a while
一陣 (jat1 zan6) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
一陣 (jat1 zan6) [natural native speed]
Next:
唱歌 (coeng3 go1) [natural native speed]
to sing
唱歌 (coeng3 go1) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
唱歌 (coeng3 go1) [natural native speed]
Next:
唱K (coeng3 K) [natural native speed]
to sing karaoke
唱K (coeng3 K) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
唱K (coeng3 K) [natural native speed]
And Last:
K場 (K coeng4) [natural native speed]
karaoke bar
K場 (K coeng4) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
K場 (K coeng4) [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Eric: Let’s take a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson. What’s the first word?
Teddy: 歌星(go1 sing1)
Eric: What can you tell us about this?
Teddy: 歌 (go1) means “song,” and 星 (sing1) means “star.” Together 歌星 (go1 sing1) means a celebrity who sings, or a "singer."
Eric: How do you say "to sing?"
Teddy: 唱 (coeng3)is “to sing,” but we usually use the phrase, “sing song," or 唱歌(coeng3 go1)
Eric: Could you repeat that please?
Teddy: Sure! 唱歌(coeng3 go1) meaning "To sing."
Eric: How do you say, "A singer sings?"
Teddy: 歌星 唱歌(go1 sing1 coeng3 go1)
Eric: "Singer" is...
Teddy: 歌星(go1 sing1 )
Eric: "Singing" is...
Teddy: 唱歌(coeng3 go1)
Eric: Ok, how about, "The singer loves to sing?"
Teddy: 歌星 鐘意 唱歌(go1 sing1 zung1 ji3 coeng3 go1)
Eric: Ok, listeners, let’s practice the phrase. Repeat after Teddy.
Teddy: 歌星(go1 sing1) [pause] 歌星 (go1 sing1) 唱歌 (coeng3 go1) [pause] 唱歌(coeng3 go1)
Eric: Next, we’ll find out what "K" means in the dialogue.
Teddy: In the dialogue, Wendy suggests to go 唱K (coeng3 K)
Eric: She is talking about going to a karaoke bar to sing, right?
Teddy: Yes. Karaoke is translated as 卡拉OK (kaa1 laai1 OK), but it still sounds too long. So, gradually people have shortened the word to say 唱K, meaning "sing karaoke."
Eric: I see. So what is the difference between...
Teddy: 唱K (coeng3 K) and K場 (K coeng4)?
Eric: Yeah, that’s right.
Teddy: Oh, 唱 (coeng3) means "to sing," but 場 (coeng4) refers to a place. "唱K" (coeng3 K) means "to sing karaoke," while a "K場" (K coeng4) is a karaoke bar, also called a karaoke "box" in Hong Kong. Again, 唱 (coeng3) is "to sing," and 場 (coeng4) is a place.
Eric: Ok. We’ll need to practice saying them clearly. Listeners, please repeat after Teddy.
Teddy: 唱K (coeng3 K) [pause]
Eric: "To sing karaoke."
Teddy: K場 (K coeng4) [pause]
Eric: "Karaoke bar," or "the place to sing karaoke." Okay, now onto the grammar.

Lesson focus

Eric: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to say that something belongs to someone.
Teddy: Right, we’re going to talk about the possessive form.
Eric: Ok, in the dialogue, Wendy said her dream was to become a singer.
Teddy: 做歌星係我嘅夢想 (zou6 go1 sing1 hai6 ngo5 ge3 mung6 soeng2).
Eric: Which word indicates possession?
Teddy: 嘅 (ge3) It acts like an apostrophe after a noun. And combined with a pronoun, it creates the possessive form.
Eric: Ok, then how do you say "my?"
Teddy: We already know that 我 means "I" or "me." So 我嘅 (ngo5 ge3) means "my" or "mine."
Eric: How about "your" or "yours?"
Teddy: "You" is 你 (nei5) So "your" or "yours" is 你嘅 (nei5 ge3)
Eric: Does this work for all possessive pronouns?
Teddy: Yes, it’s easy to apply. Just add the word 嘅after the pronoun.
Eric: For example, "he" and "his."
Teddy: 佢 (keoi5), and 佢嘅 (keoi5 ge3)
Eric: "Her" and "hers?"
Teddy: Since the word for "he" and "she" is the same – 佢 (keoi5), the word for "his" and "her" or "hers" is also the same – 佢嘅 (keoi5 ge3)
Eric: How about "they" and "their" or "theirs?"
Teddy: 佢哋 (keoi5 dei6) and 佢哋嘅 (keoi5 dei6 ge3)
Eric: "Our" and "ours?"
Teddy: 我哋 (ngo5 dei6), and 我哋嘅 (ngo5 dei6 ge3)
Eric: How do you say, "Wendy’s?"
Teddy: Wendy嘅 (ge3)
Eric: I see, so it acts like the apostrophe-s after the noun in English.
Teddy: Exactly!
Eric: That’s pretty easy!

Outro

Eric: That’s it for this lesson. Thanks for listening, and we’ll see you next time! Goodbye!
Teddy: 拜拜!(baai1 baai3!)

Grammar

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5 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

CantoneseClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 06:30 PM
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Do you often go to a Karaoke?

CantoneseClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 05:25 AM
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Hello robert groulx,


You are very welcome. 😇

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

Good luck with your language studies.


Kind regards,

利凡特

Team CantoneseClass101.com

robert groulx
Sunday at 11:19 PM
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thanks fore the lesson


my favorite phrase is 咁一陣去唱K啦!


robert


i never go to karaoke , i have a terrible voice😄

Cantoneseclass101.com Verified
Monday at 07:45 AM
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Hello Alex,


Your answer is perfect! :thumbsup:


我未去過唱K. (ngo5 mei6 heoi3 gwo3 coeng3 K) I never go to sing karaoke. Or you can say:

我冇去過唱K. (ngo5 mou5 heoi3 gwo3 coeng3 K)


Keep up your good job!


Siuling

Team CantoneseClass101.com

Alex
Wednesday at 07:56 AM
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Hi Again,


To answer your question, "do you ever go to karaoke?", could I say:


Ngo5 mei6 heoi3 gwo3 coeng3 K. - I never go to sing karaoke.


Is that correct?

Thank you so much for your valuable feedback:thumbsup:

Alex