Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Introduction
Eric: Welcome to 3-Minute Cantonese Season 1, Lesson 19 - Going Without. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to make essential negative statements in Cantonese.
Body
Eric: First, we’ll start with how to say 'I don't have a pen.' in Cantonese.
Olivia: [Normal] 我冇筆。(ngo5 mou5 bat1)
Eric: First is a pronoun meaning 'I'
Olivia: [Normal] 我 [Slow] 我 (ngo5)
Eric: Next is the verb meaning 'to not have'
Olivia: [Normal] 冇 [Slow] 冇(mou5)
Eric: Last is the noun meaning 'pen'
Olivia: [Normal] 筆 [Slow] 筆(bat1)
Eric: Listen again to the phrase meaning 'I don't have a pen.'
Olivia: [Slow] 我冇筆。 [Normal] 我冇筆。(ngo5 mou5 bat1)
Eric: Ok, now let's take a look at how to say 'I don't have time.'
Olivia: [Normal] 我冇時間。(ngo5 mou5 si4 gaan3)
Eric: First is a pronoun meaning 'I'
Olivia: [Normal] 我 [Slow] 我 (ngo5)
Eric: Next is the verb meaning 'to not have'
Olivia: [Normal] 冇 [Slow] 冇(mou5)
Eric: Last is the noun meaning 'time'
Olivia: [Normal] 時間 [Slow] 時間(si4 gaan3)
Eric: Listen again to the phrase meaning 'I don't have time.'
Olivia: [Slow] 我冇時間。 [Normal] 我冇時間。(ngo5 mou5 si4 gaan3)
Eric: Next, we’ll learn how to say 'I don't know.'
Olivia: [Normal] 我唔知道。(ngo5 m4 zi1 dou3)
Eric: First is a pronoun meaning 'I'
Olivia: [Normal] 我 [Slow] 我(ngo5)
Eric: Next is the adverb meaning 'not'
Olivia: [Normal] 唔 [Slow] 唔(m4)
Eric: Last is the verb meaning 'to know'
Olivia: [Normal] 知道 [Slow] 知道(zi1 dou3)
Eric: Listen again to the phrase meaning 'I don't know.'
Olivia: [Slow] 我唔知道。 [Normal] 我唔知道。(ngo5 m4 zi1 dou3)
Eric: Finally we’ll see how to say 'I don't understand.'
Olivia: [Normal] 我唔明白。(ngo5 m4 ming4 baak6)
Eric: First is a pronoun meaning 'I'
Olivia: [Normal] 我 [Slow] 我(ngo5)
Eric: Next is the adverb meaning 'not'
Olivia: [Normal] 唔 [Slow] 唔(m4)
Eric: Last is the verb meaning 'to understand'
Olivia: [Normal] 明白 [Slow] 明白(ming4 baak6)
Eric: Listen again to the phrase meaning 'I don't understand.'
Olivia: [Slow] 我唔明白。 [Normal] 我唔明白。(ngo5 m4 ming4 baak6)
Cultural Insight
Eric: Now it's time for a quick cultural insight.
Olivia: If you want to answer negatively but without being too direct, you can say 唔係好 (m4 hai6 hou2). This means "I don't really...." For example, if you want to say "I don't really eat meat," you can say 我唔係好食肉(ngo5 m4 hai6 hou2 sik6 juk6.)

Outro

Eric: And that’s all for this lesson. Don’t forget to check out the lesson notes, and we’ll see you in the next lesson!
Olivia: 拜拜! (baai1 baai3)

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CantoneseClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Let's practice here! Try translating this statement: 'I don't have it.'