Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Introduction
Eric: Welcome to 3-Minute Cantonese Season 1, Lesson 18 - Possession. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to talk about possession in Cantonese.
Body
Eric: We’ll start off with the informal way to say 'Do you have a pen?' in Cantonese.
Olivia: [Normal] 你有冇筆呀?(nei5 jau5 mou5 bat1 aa3)
Eric: First is a pronoun meaning 'You'
Olivia: [Normal] 你 [Slow] 你 (nei5)
Eric: Next is the phrase meaning 'have or have not'
Olivia: [Normal] 有冇 [Slow] 有冇(jau5 mou5)
Eric: Next is the noun meaning 'pen'
Olivia: [Normal] 筆 [Slow] 筆(bat1)
Eric: Last is the final particle.
Olivia: [Normal] 呀 [Slow] 呀(aa3)
Eric: Listen again to the informal question meaning 'Do you have a pen?'
Olivia: [Slow] 你有冇筆呀? [Normal] 你有冇筆呀?(nei5 jau5 mou5 bat1 aa3)
Eric: Ok, now let's talk about the written form for saying 'Do you have a pen?'
Olivia: [Normal] 你有沒有筆?(nei5 jau5 mut6 jau5 bat1)
Eric: First is a pronoun meaning 'You'
Olivia: [Normal] 你 [Slow] 你 (nei5)
Eric: Next is the verb meaning 'to have'
Olivia: [Normal] 有 [Slow] 有(jau5)
Eric: Next is the written verb meaning 'to not have'
Olivia: [Normal] 沒有 [Slow] 沒有(mut6 jau5)
Eric: Next is the noun meaning 'pen'
Olivia: [Normal] 筆 [Slow] 筆(bat1)
Eric: Listen again to the written question meaning 'Do you have a pen?'
Olivia: [Slow] 你有沒有筆? [Normal] 你有沒有筆?(nei5 jau5 mut6 jau5 bat1)
Eric: Next we have the way to say 'Yes, I have.'
Olivia: [Normal] 有呀!我有。(jau5 aa3, ngo5 jau5)
Eric: First is a verb meaning 'have’
Olivia: [Normal] 有呀 [Slow] 有呀(jau5 aa3)
Eric: Next is the pronoun meaning 'I'
Olivia: [Normal] 我 [Slow] 我(ngo5)
Eric: Last is the verb meaning 'to have'
Olivia: [Normal] 有 [Slow] 有(jau5)
Eric: Listen again to the phrase meaning 'Yes, I have.'
Olivia: [Slow] 有呀!我有。 [Normal] 有呀!我有。(jau5 aa3, ngo5 jau5)
Eric: Lastly we have the way to say 'Yes, here you are.'
Olivia: [Normal] 有呀! 喺呢度。(jau5 aa3, hai2 ni1 dou6)
Eric: First is a word meaning 'have’
Olivia: [Normal] 有呀 [Slow] 有呀(jau5 aa3)
Eric: Next is the verb meaning 'to be located at'
Olivia: [Normal] 喺 [Slow] 喺(hai2)
Eric: Last is the adverb meaning 'here'
Olivia: [Normal] 呢度 [Slow] 呢度(ni1 dou6)
Eric: Listen again to the phrase meaning 'Yes, here you are.'
Olivia: [Slow] 有呀! 喺呢度。 [Normal] 有呀! 喺呢度。(jau5 aa3, hai2 ni1 dou6)
Cultural Insight
Eric: Now it's time for a quick cultural insight.
Olivia: The phrase 有冇 (jau5 mou5) meaning “to have or not have” is actually very useful, not only with “do you have” questions but with others as well. It can also be used in questions like “is there any”, “have you been”, “will there be”, etc.

Outro

Eric: And that’s all for this lesson. Don’t forget to check out the lesson notes, and we’ll see you in the next lesson!
Olivia: 拜拜! (baai1 baai3)

2 Comments

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CantoneseClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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How would you say 'Do you have a book?'

Cantoneseclass101.com Verified
Thursday at 02:48 AM
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Hi Steven,


數碼 means "digital".


Siuling

Team CantoneseClass101.com