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Vocabulary Lists Must-Know Terms for Family Members
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Must-Know Terms for Family Members

一定要識嘅家庭成員詞語
31 Words 8 Comments
family
一家人 一家人 (n)
jat1 gaa1 jan4
family
家庭照 家庭照
gaa1 ting4 ziu3
family picture
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mother
媽媽 媽媽 (n)
maa4 maa1
mother
母女 母女
mou5 neoi5
mother and daughter
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father
爸爸 爸爸 (n)
baa4 baa1
father
馬利奧嘅爸爸係邊個? 馬利奧嘅爸爸係邊個?
maa5 lei6 ou3 ge3 baa4 baa1 hai6 bin1 go3?
Who is Mario's father?
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wife
老婆 老婆 (n)
lou5 po4
wife
husband
老公 老公 (n)
lou5 gung1
husband
parent
家長 家長 (n)
gaa1 zoeng2
parent
child
細路 細路 (n)
sai3 lou6
child
daughter
(n)
neoi5
daughter
son
(n)
zai2
son
sister
姐妹 姐妹 (n)
zi2 mui2
sister
姐妹 姐妹
zi2 mui2
older sister and younger sister
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brother
哥哥 哥哥 (n)
go4 go1
brother
younger sister
妹妹 妹妹 (n)
mui4 mui2
younger sister
我妹妹去咗英國留學。 我妹妹去咗英國留學。
ngo5 mui6 mui2 heoi3 zo2 jing1 gwok3 lau4 hok6.
My younger sister went to England to study abroad.
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younger brother
細佬 細佬 (n)
sai3 lou2
younger brother
older brother
哥哥 哥哥 (n)
go4 go1
older brother
great-grandmother
太嫲 太嫲 (n)
taai3 maa4
great-grandmother
great-grandfather
太公 太公 (n)
taai3 gung1
great-grandfather
grandmother
婆婆 婆婆 (n)
po4 po2
grandmother
grandfather
爺爺 爺爺 (n)
je4 je2
grandfather
grandchild
(n)
syun1
grandchild
granddaughter
孫女 孫女 (n)
syun1 neoi5
granddaughter
細孫女 細孫女
sai3 syun1 neoi5
little granddaughter
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grandson
孫仔 孫仔 (n)
syun1 zai2
grandson
我孫仔 我孫仔
ngo5 syun1 zai2
my grandson
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aunt
姨媽 姨媽 (n)
ji4 maa1
aunt
uncle
叔叔 叔叔 (n)
suk1 suk1
uncle
niece
侄女 侄女 (n)
zat6 neoi5
niece
我侄女莎拉 我侄女莎拉
ngo5 zat6 neoi5 saa1 laai1
my niece Sarah
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nephew
姪仔 姪仔 (n)
zat6 zai2
nephew
cousin
表姐妹 表姐妹 (n)
biu2 ze2 mui6
cousin
我表姐的名字是艾麗加。 我表姐的名字是艾麗加。
ngo5 biu2 ze2 dik1 ming4 zi6 si6 ngaai6 lai6 gaa1
My cousin's name is Erica.
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mother-in-law
外母 外母 (n)
ngoi6 mou5
mother-in-law
father-in-law
老爺 老爺 (n)
lou5 je4
father-in-law
sister-in-law
阿嫂 阿嫂 (n)
aa3 sou2
sister-in-law
brother-in-law
姐夫 姐夫 (n)
ze2 fu1
brother-in-law
partner
伴侶 伴侶 (n)
bun6 leoi5
partner
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8 Comments
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CantoneseClass101.com
Friday at 4:03 pm
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Hi Listeners! What is your favorite Family Member word? Let us know!

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CantoneseClass101.com
Monday at 6:25 pm
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Hi Amanda,


Thank you for your question.


舅父 (kau5 fu2) ~ maternal side uncle (mother's brother)

阿姨 (aa3 ji1) ~ maternal side aunt (mother's younger sister)

姨媽 (ji4 maa1) ~ maternal side aunt (mother's older sister)


伯父 (baa3 fu6) ~ paternal side uncle (father's older brother)

叔叔 (suk1 suk1) ~ paternal side uncle (father's younger brother)

姑媽 (gu1 maa1) ~ paternal side aunt (father's older sister)

姑姐 (gu1 ze1) ~ paternal side aunt (father's younger sister)


You could simply add 大 (daai6), 二 (ji6), 三 (saam1), etc, to specify their order. Taking 舅父 (kau5 fu2) as an example, you could call 大舅父(daai6 kau5 fu2) ~ first uncle, 二舅父 (ji6 kau5 fu2) ~ second uncle 三舅父(saam1 kau5 fu2) ~ third uncle, which also works on other family terms.


Cheers,

Ada

Team CantoneseClass101.com

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Amanda
Sunday at 10:43 pm
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In my family there are multiple aunts and uncles on both my maternal and paternal sides - can you explain a bit more the naming/ordering and terminology? Thanks!

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CantoneseClass101.com
Saturday at 11:30 am
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Hello excellent,


優秀 (jau1 sau3)~excellent (written form)

好正 (hou2 zeng3) ~ fabulous (colloquial expression)


Hope you like the lesson!


Siuling

Team CantoneseClass101.com

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excellent
Saturday at 5:28 am
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excellent

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Cantoneseclass@101.com
Saturday at 9:42 am
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Hello Sarah,


Thank you for your question. Your husband is right that there are 2 ways to say grandma and grandpa. ?


爺爺 (je4 je2) or 阿爺(aa3 je2)~ paternal or father side grandpa

嫲嫲 (maa4 maa4) or 阿嫲(aa3 maa4) ~ paternal or father side grandma


公公(gung1 gung1) or 阿公(aa3 gung1) ~ maternal or mother side grandpa

婆婆 (po4 po2) or 阿婆(aa3 po2) ~ maternal or mother side grandma


Sometimes when people say 公公婆婆 (gung1 gung1 po4 po2) could means "the elderly" so you have to pay attention to the context or the situation.


Siuling

Team CantoneseClass101.com

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Cantoneseclass@101.com
Saturday at 9:28 am
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Hello Sarah

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Sarah
Sunday at 12:17 pm
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My husband tells me that there is 2 ways to say grandma and grandpa. That it depends on which side of the family they come from. As in the father's parents have different way to say grandma and grandpa to the mother's parents. The grandma and grandpa provided here are which ones? And also what are the Cantonese characters and pronunciation for the grandpa and grandma not mention in this list. Thank you!